Nutrient intake of pregnant women at high risk of gestational diabetes

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dc.contributor.author Meinilä, Jelena
dc.contributor.author Koivusalo, Saila B.
dc.contributor.author Valkama, Anita Johanna
dc.contributor.author Rönö, Kristiina
dc.contributor.author Erkkola, Maijaliisa
dc.contributor.author Kautiainen, Hannu
dc.contributor.author Stach-Lempinen, Beata
dc.contributor.author Eriksson, Johan G.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-16T09:30:01Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-16T09:30:01Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.citation Meinilä , J , Koivusalo , S B , Valkama , A J , Rönö , K , Erkkola , M , Kautiainen , H , Stach-Lempinen , B & Eriksson , J G 2015 , ' Nutrient intake of pregnant women at high risk of gestational diabetes ' , Food & Nutrition Research , vol. 59 , 26676 . https://doi.org/10.3402/fnr.v59.26676
dc.identifier.other PURE: 49582636
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 6609d77f-8217-4cdc-8c4f-d47955f142c2
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000354728200001
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 84929590284
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-6344-1159/work/32700913
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-6966-1523/work/28685315
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-6377-1377/work/72780821
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/166772
dc.description.abstract Background: The prevalence of gestational diabetes (GDM) has been increasing along with the obesity pandemic. It is associated with pregnancy complications and a risk of type 2 diabetes. Objective: To study nutrient intake among pregnant Finnish women at increased risk of GDM due to obesity or a history of GDM. Design: Food records from obese women or women with GDM history (n = 394) were examined at baseline ( Results: The pregnant women had a mean fat intake of 33 en% (SD 7), saturated fatty acids (SFA) 12 en% (SD 3), and carbohydrate 46 en% (SD 6). Sucrose intake among pregnant women with GDM history was 7 en% (SD 3), which was different from the intake of the other pregnant women, 10 en% (SD 4) (p <0.001). Median intakes of folate and vitamins A and D provided by food sources were below the Finnish national nutrition recommendation, but, excluding vitamin A, supplements raised the total intake to the recommended level. The frequency of use of dietary supplements among pregnant women was 77%. Conclusions: The observed excessive intake of SFA and low intake of carbohydrates among women at high risk of GDM may further increase their risk of GDM. A GDM history, however, seems to reduce sucrose intake in a future pregnancy. Pregnant women at high risk of GDM seem to have insufficient intakes of vitamin D and folate from food and thus need supplementation, which most of them already take. en
dc.format.extent 8
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Food & Nutrition Research
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject nutrition
dc.subject pregnancy
dc.subject diabetes
dc.subject obesity
dc.subject maternal nutrition
dc.subject diet
dc.subject MACRONUTRIENT INTAKE
dc.subject DIETARY-SUPPLEMENTS
dc.subject FINNISH WOMEN
dc.subject MELLITUS
dc.subject METAANALYSIS
dc.subject PREVALENCE
dc.subject OUTCOMES
dc.subject ENERGY
dc.subject 416 Food Science
dc.subject 3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
dc.subject 3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
dc.title Nutrient intake of pregnant women at high risk of gestational diabetes en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care
dc.contributor.organization Clinicum
dc.contributor.organization Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
dc.contributor.organization Department of Food and Nutrition
dc.contributor.organization Maijaliisa Erkkola / Principal Investigator
dc.contributor.organization Johan Eriksson / Principal Investigator
dc.contributor.organization Nutrition Science
dc.contributor.organization HUS Gynecology and Obstetrics
dc.contributor.organization Teachers' Academy
dc.contributor.organization Family nutrition and wellbeing
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.3402/fnr.v59.26676
dc.relation.issn 1654-6628
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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