DNA methylation of loci within ABCG1 and PHOSPHO1 in blood DNA is associated with future type 2 diabetes risk

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Dayeh , T , Tuomi , T , Almgren , P , Perfilyev , A , Jansson , P-A , de Mello , V D , Pihlajamaki , J , Vaag , A , Groop , L , Nilsson , E & Ling , C 2016 , ' DNA methylation of loci within ABCG1 and PHOSPHO1 in blood DNA is associated with future type 2 diabetes risk ' Epigenetics , vol. 11 , no. 7 , pp. 482-488 . DOI: 10.1080/15592294.2016.1178418

Title: DNA methylation of loci within ABCG1 and PHOSPHO1 in blood DNA is associated with future type 2 diabetes risk
Author: Dayeh, Tasnim; Tuomi, Tiinamaija; Almgren, Peter; Perfilyev, Alexander; Jansson, Per-Anders; de Mello, Vanessa D.; Pihlajamaki, Jussi; Vaag, Allan; Groop, Leif; Nilsson, Emma; Ling, Charlotte
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland
Date: 2016
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Epigenetics
ISSN: 1559-2294
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/167097
Abstract: Identification of subjects with a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) is fundamental for prevention of the disease. Consequently, it is essential to search for new biomarkers that can improve the prediction of T2D. The aim of this study was to examine whether 5 DNA methylation loci in blood DNA (ABCG1, PHOSPHO1, SOCS3, SREBF1, and TXNIP), recently reported to be associated with T2D, might predict future T2D in subjects from the Botnia prospective study. We also tested if these CpG sites exhibit altered DNA methylation in human pancreatic islets, liver, adipose tissue, and skeletal muscle from diabetic vs. non-diabetic subjects. DNA methylation at the ABCG1 locus cg06500161 in blood DNA was associated with an increased risk for future T2D (OR = 1.09, 95% CI = 1.02-1.16, P-value = 0.007, Q-value = 0.018), while DNA methylation at the PHOSPHO1 locus cg02650017 in blood DNA was associated with a decreased risk for future T2D (OR = 0.85, 95% CI = 0.75-0.95, P-value = 0.006, Q-value = 0.018) after adjustment for age, gender, fasting glucose, and family relation. Furthermore, the level of DNA methylation at the ABCG1 locus cg06500161 in blood DNA correlated positively with BMI, HbA1c, fasting insulin, and triglyceride levels, and was increased in adipose tissue and blood from the diabetic twin among monozygotic twin pairs discordant for T2D. DNA methylation at the PHOSPHO1 locus cg02650017 in blood correlated positively with HDL levels, and was decreased in skeletal muscle from diabetic vs. non-diabetic monozygotic twins. DNA methylation of cg18181703 (SOCS3), cg11024682 (SREBF1), and cg19693031 (TXNIP) was not associated with future T2D risk in subjects from the Botnia prospective study.
Subject: ABCG1
adipose tissue
blood
DNA methylation
epigenetics
liver
pancreatic islets
PHOSPHO1
skeletal muscle
type 2 diabetes
EPIGENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION
HUMAN PANCREATIC-ISLETS
DIFFERENTIAL EXPRESSION
VASCULAR CALCIFICATION
GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE
SKELETAL-MUSCLE
ADIPOSE-TISSUE
LIFE-STYLE
GENES
METABOLISM
1182 Biochemistry, cell and molecular biology
3111 Biomedicine
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