The Pentose Phosphate Pathway Regulates the Circadian Clock

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/167849

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Rey , G , Valekunja , U K , Feeney , K A , Wulund , L , Milev , N B , Stangherlin , A , Ansel-Bollepalli , L , Velagapudi , V , O'Neill , J S & Reddy , A B 2016 , ' The Pentose Phosphate Pathway Regulates the Circadian Clock ' , Cell Metabolism , vol. 24 , no. 3 , pp. 462-473 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cmet.2016.07.024

Title: The Pentose Phosphate Pathway Regulates the Circadian Clock
Author: Rey, Guillaume; Valekunja, Utham K.; Feeney, Kevin A.; Wulund, Lisa; Milev, Nikolay B.; Stangherlin, Alessandra; Ansel-Bollepalli, Laura; Velagapudi, Vidya; O'Neill, John S.; Reddy, Akhilesh B.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland
Date: 2016-09-13
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Cell Metabolism
ISSN: 1550-4131
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/167849
Abstract: The circadian clock is a ubiquitous timekeeping system that organizes the behavior and physiology of organisms over the day and night. Current models rely on transcriptional networks that coordinate circadian gene expression of thousands of transcripts. However, recent studies have uncovered phylogenetically conserved redox rhythms that can occur independently of transcriptional cycles. Here we identify the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP), a critical source of the redox cofactor NADPH, as an important regulator of redox and transcriptional oscillations. Our results show that genetic and pharmacological inhibition of the PPP prolongs the period of circadian rhythms in human cells, mouse tissues, and fruit flies. These metabolic manipulations also cause a remodeling of circadian gene expression programs that involves the circadian transcription factors BMAL1 and CLOCK, and the redox-sensitive transcription factor NRF2. Thus, the PPP regulates circadian rhythms via NADPH metabolism, suggesting a pivotal role for NADPH availability in circadian timekeeping.
Subject: RED-BLOOD-CELLS
RHYTHMS
CANCER
PEROXIREDOXINS
TRANSCRIPTION
ACETYLATION
INHIBITION
MECHANISM
MAMMALS
BIOLOGY
3111 Biomedicine
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