Comparison of psyllium feeding at home and nasogastric intubation of psyllium and magnesium sulfate in the hospital as a treatment for naturally occurring colonic sand (geosediment) accumulations in horses : a retrospective study

Show full item record



Permalink

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/168526

Citation

Kaikkonen , R , Niinistö , K , Lindholm , T & Raekallio , M 2016 , ' Comparison of psyllium feeding at home and nasogastric intubation of psyllium and magnesium sulfate in the hospital as a treatment for naturally occurring colonic sand (geosediment) accumulations in horses : a retrospective study ' , Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica , vol. 58 , 73 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s13028-016-0254-z

Title: Comparison of psyllium feeding at home and nasogastric intubation of psyllium and magnesium sulfate in the hospital as a treatment for naturally occurring colonic sand (geosediment) accumulations in horses : a retrospective study
Author: Kaikkonen, Ritva; Niinistö, Kati; Lindholm, Tiina; Raekallio, Marja
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Veterinary Teaching Hospital
University of Helsinki, Departments of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Date: 2016-10-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
ISSN: 0044-605X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/168526
Abstract: Background: Ingestion of geosediment (further referred as sand) may cause weight loss, diarrhea and acute or recurrent colic in horses. Our aim was to compare the efficacy of three treatment protocols in clearing colonic sand accumulations in clinical patients. This retrospective clinical study consisted of 1097 horses and ponies, which were radiographed for the presence of colonic sand. Horses included to the study (n = 246) were displaying areas of sand in the radiographs of >= 75 cm(2) and were treated medically monitoring the response with radiographs. The horses were assigned into three groups based on the given treatment: Group 1 was fed psyllium [1 g/kg body weight (BW)] daily at home for a minimum of 10 days (n = 57); Group 2 was treated once with psyllium or magnesium sulfate by nasogastric tubing followed by daily feeding of psyllium (1 g/kg BW) at home for a minimum of 10 days (n = 19), and Group 3 was treated by daily nasogastric tubing for 3-7 days with psyllium and/or magnesium sulfate (1 g of each/kg BW) (n = 170). Results: The initial area of sand did not differ significantly between the treatments. Group 3 had significantly less residual sand than Groups 1 and 2, and the proportion of resolved horses was higher in Group 3 than in Groups 1 and 2. Conclusions: Daily nasogastric tubing with psyllium and/or magnesium sulfate for 3-7 days removes large accumulations of sand from the colon in horses more effectively than feeding psyllium for at least 10 days.
Subject: RISK-FACTORS
RADIOGRAPHY
EVACUATION
INTESTINE
413 Veterinary science
Rights:


Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
art_3A10.1186_2Fs13028_016_0254_z.pdf 993.8Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record