End-of-life care of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

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Rajala , K , Lehto , J T , Saarinen , M , Sutinen , E , Saarto , T & Myllarniemi , M 2016 , ' End-of-life care of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis ' , BMC Palliative Care , vol. 15 , 85 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-016-0158-8

Title: End-of-life care of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Author: Rajala, Kaisa; Lehto, Juho T.; Saarinen, M.; Sutinen, E.; Saarto, T.; Myllarniemi, M.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2016-10-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: BMC Palliative Care
ISSN: 1472-684X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/168818
Abstract: Background: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive disease with median survival from 2 to 7 years. Palliative care is an important part of patients' care as lung transplantation is not an option for the majority of patients. The aim of this study was to describe treatment practices, decision-making and symptoms during end-of-life care of IPF patients. Methods: We identified 59 deceased patients from a national prospective IPF cohort study (FinnishIPF) and analyzed retrospectively their health care documentation during the 6 months that preceded death. Results: Hospital was the place of death for 47 patients (80 %). A majority of the patients (93 %) were hospitalized for a mean of 30 days (range 1-96 days) during the last 6 months of their life. Altogether, patients spent 15 % of their last 6 months of life in a hospital. End-of-life decisions and do not resuscitate (DNR) orders were made for 19 (32 %) and 34 (57 %) of the patients, respectively, and 22 (42 %) of these decisions were made Conclusions: The majority of IPF patients died in a hospital with ongoing life-prolonging procedures until death. The frequent use of opioids is an indicator of an intention to relieve symptoms, but end-of-life decisions were still made very late. Early integrated palliative care with advance care plan could improve the end-of-life care of dying IPF patients.
Subject: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Symptoms
End-of-life care
End-of-life decision
Advance care planning
PALLIATIVE CARE
LUNG-CANCER
DYSPNEA
DISEASE
MANAGEMENT
TRIAL
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
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