Language-Agnostic Reproducible Data Analysis Using Literate Programming

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Vassilev , B , Louhimo , R , Ikonen , E & Hautaniemi , S 2016 , ' Language-Agnostic Reproducible Data Analysis Using Literate Programming ' , PLoS One , vol. 11 , no. 10 , 0164023 .

Title: Language-Agnostic Reproducible Data Analysis Using Literate Programming
Author: Vassilev, Boris; Louhimo, Riku; Ikonen, Elina; Hautaniemi, Sampsa
Contributor organization: Medicum
Department of Anatomy
Research Programs Unit
Genome-Scale Biology (GSB) Research Program
Lipid Trafficking Lab
Sampsa Hautaniemi / Principal Investigator
Date: 2016-10-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 14
Belongs to series: PLoS One
ISSN: 1932-6203
Abstract: A modern biomedical research project can easily contain hundreds of analysis steps and lack of reproducibility of the analyses has been recognized as a severe issue. While thorough documentation enables reproducibility, the number of analysis programs used can be so large that in reality reproducibility cannot be easily achieved. Literate programming is an approach to present computer programs to human readers. The code is rearranged to follow the logic of the program, and to explain that logic in a natural language. The code executed by the computer is extracted from the literate source code. As such, literate programming is an ideal formalism for systematizing analysis steps in biomedical research. We have developed the reproducible computing tool Lir (literate, reproducible computing) that allows a tool-agnostic approach to biomedical data analysis. We demonstrate the utility of Lir by applying it to a case study. Our aim was to investigate the role of endosomal trafficking regulators to the progression of breast cancer. In this analysis, a variety of tools were combined to interpret the available data: a relational database, standard command-line tools, and a statistical computing environment. The analysis revealed that the lipid transport related genes LAPTM4B and NDRG1 are coamplified in breast cancer patients, and identified genes potentially cooperating with LAPTM4B in breast cancer progression. Our case study demonstrates that with Lir, an array of tools can be combined in the same data analysis to improve efficiency, reproducibility, and ease of understanding. Lir is an open-source software available at github. com/borisvassilev/lir.
3111 Biomedicine
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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