Tubular Bone Artefacts in Burial Context at Ajvide, Gotland c. 2500 cal BC : Are they Musical Instruments?

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Mannermaa , K & Rainio , R 2013 , Tubular Bone Artefacts in Burial Context at Ajvide, Gotland c. 2500 cal BC : Are they Musical Instruments? in A Choyke & S O´Connor (eds) , From These Bare Bones : Raw materials and the study of worked osseous objects . Oxbow Books , Oxford , pp. 140-153 , ICAZ International Conference , Paris , France , 23/08/2010 .

Title: Tubular Bone Artefacts in Burial Context at Ajvide, Gotland c. 2500 cal BC : Are they Musical Instruments?
Author: Mannermaa, Kristiina; Rainio, Riitta
Editor: Choyke, Alice; O´Connor, Sonia
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Philosophy, History, Culture and Art Studies 2010-2017
University of Helsinki, Department of Philosophy, History, Culture and Art Studies 2010-2017
Publisher: Oxbow Books
Date: 2013
Language: eng
Number of pages: 14
Belongs to series: From These Bare Bones Raw materials and the study of worked osseous objects
ISBN: 978-1-78297-211-2
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/169644
Abstract: Tubular bone artefacts of different size and form are commonly found in the Middle Neolithic inhumation burials in Gotland and Öland, Sweden. These burials were made by the people of the so-called Scandinavian Pitted Ware Culture. Small tubular artefacts have commonly been interpreted as beads used in decoration as they, in many cases, appear in clusters at the head region and along the body. In 1998 at Ajvide, archaeologists discovered a grave (62), which contained a large number of grave goods, among them tubular bone artefacts of an extraordinary character. Based on their outlook, these single or two-pieced artefacts with or without pierced holes were interpreted as flutes. Their suitability for sound production, however, has never been studied systematically. In this article, we will discuss the presence and function of the different tubular bone artefacts found in grave 62. We will describe the finds, sort them tentatively and report possible ethnographical parallels. The article is intended as an introduction to the research project, which seeks to analyze the organological structures of the artefacts and reassess their interpretation as musical instruments. The find contexts of the artefacts, as well as, the grave entity with all other artefacts, will be studied from the perspective of music archaeology.
Subject: 6131 Theatre, dance, music, other performing arts
Archaeomusicology
Pitted Ware
Bone artefacts
615 History and Archaeology
Music archaeology
History of musical instruments
Flutes
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