DNA Barcodes for the Northern European Tachinid Flies (Diptera: Tachinidae)

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/169647

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Pohjoismäki , J , Kahanpää , J V & Mutanen , M 2016 , ' DNA Barcodes for the Northern European Tachinid Flies (Diptera: Tachinidae) ' , PLoS One , vol. 11 , no. 11 , e0164933 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0164933

Title: DNA Barcodes for the Northern European Tachinid Flies (Diptera: Tachinidae)
Author: Pohjoismäki, Jaakko; Kahanpää, Jere Veikko; Mutanen, Marko
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Finnish Museum of Natural History
Date: 2016-11-04
Language: eng
Number of pages: 23
Belongs to series: PLoS One
ISSN: 1932-6203
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/169647
Abstract: This data release provides COI barcodes for 366 species of parasitic flies (Diptera: Tachinidae), enabling the DNA based identification of the majority of northern European species and a large proportion of Palearctic genera, regardless of the developmental stage. The data will provide a tool for taxonomists and ecologists studying this ecologically important but challenging parasitoid family. A comparison of minimum distances between the nearest neighbors revealed the mean divergence of 5.52% that is approximately the same as observed earlier with comparable sampling in Lepidoptera, but clearly less than in Coleoptera. Full barcode-sharing was observed between 13 species pairs or triplets, equaling to 7.36% of all species. Delimitation based on Barcode Index Number (BIN) system was compared with traditional classification of species and interesting cases of possible species oversplits and cryptic diversity are discussed. Overall, DNA barcodes are effective in separating tachinid species and provide novel insight into the taxonomy of several genera.
Subject: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
DNA barcoding
Taxonomy
Cryptic speciation
Species diversity
Sequence alignment
DNA barcoding
Taxonomy
Cryptic speciation
Sequence alignment
Species diversity
Diptera
Tachinidae
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