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  • Lehtisaari, Katja (Helsingin yliopisto, Aleksanteri-instituutti, 2015)
    Viime aikojen muutokset median sääntelyssä Venäjällä näyttävät johtavan kohti samaa päämäärää, yhä suurempaa valtion ohjailua, kirjoittaa Katja Lehtisaari.
  • Ylä-Anttila, Tuomas; Kukkonen, Anna (INDERSCIENCE PUBLISHERS, 2014)
    This paper examines the differences in the values that are evoked to justify arguments in the media debate on climate change in USA and France from 1997 to 2011. We find that climate change is more often discussed in terms of justice, democracy, and legal regulation in France, while monetary value plays a more important role as a justification for climate policy arguments in the USA. Technological and scientific arguments are more often made in France, and ecological arguments equally in both countries. We argue that understanding these national differences in argumentation at least partly as reflections of deep–seated cultural conceptions about what is worthy may help in understanding why disagreement persists in the global politics of climate change.
  • Baranova, Tatyana; Kalendar, Ruslan; Kalaev, V (V. N. Sukachev Institute of Forest, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, 2014)
    The first and second internal transcribed spacer (ITS1 and ITS2) regions of the ribosomal DNA and 5.8S rRNA gene from Rhododendron L. were analysed. This study reveals phylogenetic relationships and collation of data on the phylogeny of the genus Rhododendron L . according to the research of other authors using molecular and classical methods. Sequence analysis of ribosomal spacer showed low variability between species of the genus Rhododendron series of Dauricum. Rh. mucronulatum Turcz., Rh. dauricum L. and some other studied species had identical nucleotide ITS1-ITS2 sequence indicating the artificial division into separate species. Found species differing from each other by 1-2 or few nucleotides, which allows assuming their common phylogenetic affiliation or excluding one taxonomic unit. According to the analysis of ITS1-ITS2 sequences identified 16 groups of species with similar sequence ITS1-ITS2. When comparing the morphological descriptions of some species of the genus Rhododendron L. with a similar sequence of ITS1-ITS2 marked their small differences. Based on the results of molecular genetic analysis it has been assumed that Rhododendron dauricum L., Rh. ledebourii Pojark, Rh. sichotense Pojark and Rh. mucronulatum Turcz belong to the same species. The establishment phylogenetic relationships based on sequence ITS1-ITS2, applicable only in respect of highly isolated species Rhododendron L. To clarify the phylogenetic relationships of the genus Rhododendron L. necessary to expand the comparative analysis of the DNA sequences of universal genes or complex repeats elements (retrotransposons).
  • Peltola, Jari; Vainio, Markku; Fordell, Thomas; Hieta, Tuomas; Merimaa, Mikko; Halonen, Lauri (2014)
    We report on a tunable continuous-wave mid-infrared optical parametric oscillator (OPO), which is locked to a fully stabilized near-infrared optical frequency comb using a frequency doubling scheme. The OPO is used for 40 GHz mode-hop-free, frequency-comb-locked scans in the wavelength region between 2.7 and 3.4 x03BC;m. We demonstrate the applicability of the method to high-precision cavity-ring-down spectroscopy of nitrous oxide (N2O) and water (H2O) at 2.85 x00B5;m and of methane (CH4) at 3.2 x03BC;m.
  • Lindström, Jan Krister; Londen, Anne-Marie (DI P P - N R W, 2014)
    Concessive practices are a recurrent phenomenon in conversation. This paper investigates one variant of them: tripartite sequences which involve a first assertion, an inserted concession, and a reassertion of the original standpoint. This interactional practice may be produced by one speaker only or in a dialogue with another participant whose contribution triggers a conceding move from the speaker. The argument is made that the practice in question, Insertion Concessive, has such distinct sequential and formal properties that they warrant an account of the practice as a discourse grammatical construction. The tripartite sequences follow recurrent polarity and subjectivity patterns and are operated with a finite set of linguistic markers which signal concession (in the conceding part) and contrast (in the reasserting part). The study relates directly to interactional approaches to Construction Grammar, accounting for formal and semantic regularities which go beyond the limits of a single sentence. The data is drawn from corpora of everyday and institutional conversations in Swedish.
  • Lindström, Jan Krister; Norrby, Catrin; Wide, Camilla; Nilsson, Jenny (2014)
    This paper presents the research program "Interaction and variation in pluricentric languages: Swedish communicative patterns in Sweden and Finland" and a specific study of address practices in doctor-patient conversations in Sweden and Finland. The comparison shows that address forms in second person singular are used more in the Sweden Swedish conversations. Moreover, in Finland Swedish conversations, there is some use of address in second person plural which counts as a formal mode of address. The results suggest that the doctors in Sweden are more personally oriented whereas the doctors in Finland may tone down personal orientation. In the former case, commonalities between the interlocutors are taken to the forefront; in the latter case, there is a tendency to respect the other participants space in the interaction.
  • Pietiläinen, Jukka (Helsingin yliopisto, Aleksanteri-instituutti, 2014)
  • Härmänmaa, Marja (Euroopan Kulttuurisäätiön Suomen Osasto EKSO ry, 2014)
  • Van der Vet, Freek (Laboratorium: Russian Review of Social Research, 2014)
  • Tolonen, Mikko Sakari (ACADEMIC PRINTING AND PUBLISHING., 2014)
  • Hakkarainen, Minna; Jari Järviluoma; Petri Muje (Saimaan ammattikorkeakoulu, 2014)
    Tutkimusraportti käsittelee eri näkökulmista venäläisten Itä-Suomeen suuntautuvaa matkailua. Alueellisesti tarkastelun kohteena ovat erityisesti Etelä-Karjala, Pohjois-Karjala sekä Kainuu. Tutkimus luotaa myös matkailun nousevia trendejä ja tarkastelee niiden luomia uusia mahdollisuuksia matkailuelinkeinolle Itä-Suomessa.
  • Tandefelt, Henrika (Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies, 2014)
    This article sets out to study the entanglement of different political, ideological and moral ideals and traditions in the Kingship of Gustav III, King of Sweden 1772–1792. Political thinking and practice in Eighteenth-Century Europe offered many elements and examples that different monarchs could apply in their own particular circumstances. Gustav III was one of the European Kings that openly supported the French enlightened thinkers fashioning himself as a Reformer-King. He was also very influenced by the French culture over all, and the culture of the traditional royal court in particular. In addition the Swedish political history with a fifty-year period of decreased royal power before the coup d’état of Gustav III in 1772 influenced how the European trends and traditions were put into practice. The article pursues to understand the way different elements were bound up together and put to action by the King in his coup d’état 1772, his law reforms in the 1770s and in the establishment of a court of appeal in the town Vasa in Ostrobothnia in 1776 and the ceremonial, pictorial and architectural projects linked to this.
  • Sorsa, Ville-Pekka (ELÄKETURVAKESKUS., 2014)
  • Miklóssy, Katalin; Cvetanovic, Dragana; Järvinen, Jouni; Oiva, Mila (Committee for the Future, Parliament of Finland, 2014)
  • Garant, Mikel (2014)
    Current Trends in Translation Teaching and Learning in 2014 This is the fifth volume of Current Trends in Translation Teaching and Learning, but the first totally electronic edition. Hence, the new name: Current Trends in Translation Teaching and Learning E. It was decided that producing a free online version is the best way to make the up-todate articles focusing on translation education available to as many people as possible. This volume has been in the making for the past year and puts forward articles that focus on many of the current themes in teaching and learning translation. It is hoped that it will reach as wide an audience as possible, so feel free to distribute it either using the link provided or as a pdf file. The first article in this volume by María Brander de la Iglesia and Jan-Hendrik Opdenhoff from the University of Granada addresses teaching retour interpreting in interpreter education. Second language metaphor translation is dealt with in the interesting article by Dermot Heaney from Università degli Studi di Milano. Designing an undergraduate economic, financial and commercial translation courses is addressed by Kenneth Jordan-Núñez from San Jorge University.2 Rudy Loock from Université Lille Nord de France and UMR 8163 du CNRS and Cindy LefebvreScodeller from the Université de Limoges have written an interesting article on refering to the dead in French obituary translation. Anikó Makkos from University of West Hungary and Edina Robin from Eötvös Loránd University contributed an article on explicitation and inplication in back-translation. This edition also includes Wang Shu-huai from Huazhong University of Science and Technology description of translation teaching in China, an area “Westerners” know little about. After a double blind review process, selected papers were published in this volume. There is also a companion website located at I would like to express my heartfelt thanks to the following individuals: the writers for submitting their contributions to a blind review process, because without their courage and effort an edited collection like this would not be possible; the members of the editorial review board for their thoughtful and timely reviews. I would also like to warmly thank Ville-Veikko Jylhämäki from the University of Helsinki for his editorial assistance. His dedication to this project and keen eye have contributed to the high quality of this volume. I would also like to thank members of the independent specialized translation class who 3 helped proofread and edit this volume. They are: Noora Eskelinen, Essi Fröberg, Taika Ismälä, Maija Käcklund, Riikka Korpela, Torsti Laine, Jonna Latva-aho, Hanna Ruuhonen, Jenni Salovaara, Hannamari Sivonen, Matias Tamminen, Taru Tirkkonen, and Laura Tolvanen. I hope the readers will find reading Current Trends in Translation Teaching and Learning E both interesting and rewarding. Mikel Garant November 27, 2014
  • Klami, Arto (2014)
    Bayesian inference for latent factor models, such as principal component and canonical correlation analysis, is easy for Gaussian likelihoods with conjugate priors using both Gibbs sampling and mean-field variational approximation. For other likelihood potentials one needs to either resort to more complex sampling schemes or to specifying dedicated forms for variational lower bounds. Recently, however, it was shown that for specific likelihoods related to the logistic function it is possible to augment the joint density with auxiliary variables following a P`olya-Gamma distribution, leading to closed-form updates for binary and over-dispersed count models. In this paper we describe how Gibbs sampling and mean-field variational approximation for various latent factor models can be implemented for these cases, presenting easy-to-implement and efficient inference schemas.
  • Autio-Sarasmo, Sari (Committee for the Future, Parliament of Finland, 2014)