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  • Ilmakunnas, Johanna; Hakanen, Marko; Lahtinen, Anu; Snellman, Alex (Suomen historiallinen seura ja Historian ystäväin liitto, 2013)
  • Peräkylä, Anssi (SAGE, 2008)
  • O Connor, James (Helsingin Sanomat, 2009)
  • Carine, Mark; Christenhusz, Maarten (Magnolia Press, 2010)
  • Räsänen, Pajari (Tutkijaliitto, 2010)
    Irony implies the individual’s incommensurabi­lity with reality,” writes Kierkegaard, while some twenty-odd pages earlier he has stated that the love of God ”is incommensurable with the whole of reality.” To point out such a parallel between incommensurabilities is, I hope, not just an ”infernal or diabolical” way of reading Fear and Trembling, since the irony of Abraham is indeed bound with a double bind: the world and its ethical demands on the one hand, and on the other, God’s love demanding a leap of faith, a leap beyond ethics. Literature has its origin in this breath-taking situation, an experience of infinite responsibility manifested in a form of irresponsibility.
  • Jokiranta, Jutta; Wassen, Cecilia (2009)
  • Helsingin yliopisto, Maataloustieteiden laitos; Helsingin yliopisto, Maataloustieteiden laitos; Santala, Johanna; Valkonen, Jari; (Department of Agricultural Sciences, Plant Pathology, University of Helsinki, 2011)
  • Laht, Mailis; Karkman, Antti; Voolaid, Veiko; Ritz, Christian; Tenson, Tanel; Virta, Marko; Kisand, Veljo (PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE, 2014)
  • Smirnova, Inna; Münch, Jürgen; Stupperich, Michael (2014)
    Communications in Computer and Information Science
    There is an increasing need and interest for organizations to collaborate with internal and external partners on a global scale for creating software-based products and services. Potential risks and different strategies need to be addressed when setting up such collaborations. Aspects such as cultural and social features, coordination, infrastructure, organizational change processes, or communication issues need to be con- sidered. Although there are already experiences available with respect to setting up global collaborations, they mainly focus on specific areas. It is dicult for companies to quickly assess if they have considered all rele- vant aspects. An overall aid that guides companies in systematically setting up global collaborations is widely missing. In this paper we present a study based on the snowballing method as a systematic approach to literature review. Based on this literature review and inputs from indus- try we investigated what aspects and practices need to be considered when establishing global software development collaborations and how to prioritize them. Based on that we created activity roadmaps that aggregate existing experiences. Reported experiences were structured into nine main aspects each containing extracted successful practices for set- ting up global software development collaborations. As a result we came up with an initial version of a canvas that is proposed as guidance for companies for setting up global collaborations in the software development domain.
  • Garant, Mikel (2009)
    This paper presents a linear study of assessment practices in the English section of the University of Helsinki, Department of Translation Studies. A qualitative methodology involving interviews and open-ended questionnaires was used to gather data in 1997, 2001 and 2008. Results suggest that a paradigm shift in Translation Studies has occurred during this period as exemplified by the generally accepted grading methods. Points-based error focused grading which was the norm has been replaced across the board by holistic grading methods. Further, the current translation instructors tend to see points-based grading systems as suspect while holistic grading tends to be seen to be more related to training future translators for real world tasks.
  • Razzauti Sanfeliu, Maria; Plyusnina, Angelina; Henttonen, Heikki; Pljusnin, Aleksandr (Cambridge University Press, 2008)
    "The genetic diversity of Puumala hantavirus (PUUV) was studied in a local population of its natural host, the bank vole (Myodes glareolus). The trapping area (2.5x2.5 km) at Konnevesi, Central Finland, included 14 trapping sites, at least 500 m apart; altogether, 147 voles were captured during May and October 2005. Partial sequences of the S, M and L viral genome segments were recovered from 40 animals. Seven, 12 and 17 variants were detected for the S, M and L sequences, respectively; these represent new wild-type PUUV strains that belong to the Finnish genetic lineage. The genetic diversity of PUUV strains from Konnevesi was 0.2-4.9% for the S segment, 0.2-4.8% for the M segment and 0.2-9.7% for the L segment. Most nucleotide substitutions were synonymous and most deduced amino acid substitutions were conservative, probably due to strong stabilizing selection operating at the protein level. Based on both sequence markers and phylogenetic clustering, the S, M and L sequences could be assigned to two groups, 'A' and 'B'. Notably, not all bank voles carried S, M and L sequences belonging to the same group, i.e. SAMALA or SBMBLB.. A substantial proportion (8/40, 20%) of the newly characterized PUUV strains possessed reassortant genomes such as SBMALA, SAMBLB or SBMALB. These results suggest that at least some of the PUUV reassortants are viable and can survive in the presence of their parental strains."
  • Kaartinen, Harri; Hyyppä, Juha; Vastaranta, Mikko; Kukko, Antero; Jaakkola, Anttoni; Yu, Xiaowei; Pyörälä, Jiri; Liang, Xinlian; Liu, Jingbin; Wang, Yungshen; Kaijaluoto, Risto; Melkas, Timo; Holopainen, Markus; Hyyppä, Hannu (MDPI, 2015)
    A harvester enables detailed roundwood data to be collected during harvesting operations by means of the measurement apparatus integrated into its felling head. These data can be used to improve the efficiency of wood procurement and also replace some of the field measurements, and thus provide both less costly and more detailed ground truth for remote sensing based forest inventories. However, the positional accuracy of harvester-collected tree data is not sufficient currently to match the accuracy per individual trees achieved with remote sensing data. The aim in the present study was to test the accuracy of various instruments utilizing global satellite navigation systems (GNSS) in motion under forest canopies of varying densities to enable us to get an understanding of the current state-of-the-art in GNSS-based positioning under forest canopies. Tests were conducted using several different combinations of GNSS and inertial measurement unit (IMU) mounted on an all-terrain vehicle (ATV) simulating a moving harvester. The positions of 224 trees along the driving route were measured using a total-station and real-time kinematic GPS. These trees were used as reference items. The position of the ATV was obtained using GNSS and IMU with an accuracy of 0.7 m (root mean squared error (RMSE) for 2D positions). For the single-frequency GNSS receivers, the RMSE of real-time 2D GNSS positions was 4.2-9.3 m. Based on these results, it seems that the accuracy of novel single-frequency GNSS devices is not so dependent on forest conditions, whereas the performance of the tested geodetic dual-frequency receiver is very sensitive to the visibility of the satellites. When post-processing can be applied, especially when combined with IMU data, the improvement in the accuracy of the dual-frequency receiver was significant.
  • Enroth, Johannes; Olsson, Sanna; Long, David G.; Quandt, Dietmar (2012)
    Pinnatella gollanii Broth., previously known only from north Indian collections dating back to 1903, was rediscovered in Nepal in 2001.
  • Metsälä, M; Schmidt, F; Skyttä, M; Vaittinen, O; Halonen, L (IOP Publishing, 2010)
  • Dixon, Helen Marie (Routledge - Taylor & Francis Group, 2015)
  • Watanabe, Kazuho; Roos, Teemu; Myllymäki, Petri (2013)
    Journal of Machine Learning Research: Workshop and Conference Proceedings
    The normalized maximum likelihood model achieves the minimax coding (log-loss) regret for data of fixed sample size n. However, it is a batch strategy, i.e., it requires that n be known in advance. Furthermore, it is computationally infeasible for most statistical models, and several computationally feasible alternative strategies have been devised. We characterize the achievability of asymptotic minimaxity by batch strategies (i.e., strategies that depend on n) as well as online strategies (i.e., strategies independent of n). On one hand, we conjecture that for a large class of models, no online strategy can be asymptotically minimax. We prove that this holds under a slightly stronger definition of asymptotic minimaxity. Our numerical experiments support the conjecture about non-achievability by so called last-step minimax algorithms, which are independent of n. On the other hand, we show that in the multinomial model, a Bayes mixture defined by the conjugate Dirichlet prior with a simple dependency on n achieves asymptotic minimaxity for all sequences, thus providing a simpler asymptotic minimax strategy compared to earlier work by Xie and Barron. The numerical results also demonstrate superior finite-sample behavior by a number of novel batch and online algorithms.