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  • Peräkylä, Anssi (SAGE, 2008)
  • O Connor, James (HELSINGIN SANOMAT OY, 2009)
  • Carine, Mark; Christenhusz, Maarten (Magnolia Press, 2010)
  • Räsänen, Pajari (Tutkijaliitto, 2010)
    Irony implies the individual’s incommensurabi­lity with reality,” writes Kierkegaard, while some twenty-odd pages earlier he has stated that the love of God ”is incommensurable with the whole of reality.” To point out such a parallel between incommensurabilities is, I hope, not just an ”infernal or diabolical” way of reading Fear and Trembling, since the irony of Abraham is indeed bound with a double bind: the world and its ethical demands on the one hand, and on the other, God’s love demanding a leap of faith, a leap beyond ethics. Literature has its origin in this breath-taking situation, an experience of infinite responsibility manifested in a form of irresponsibility.
  • Helsingin yliopisto, Maataloustieteiden laitos; Helsingin yliopisto, Maataloustieteiden laitos; Santala, Johanna; Valkonen, Jari; (Department of Agricultural Sciences, Plant Pathology, University of Helsinki, 2011)
  • Smirnova, Inna; Münch, Jürgen; Stupperich, Michael (2014)
    There is an increasing need and interest for organizations to collaborate with internal and external partners on a global scale for creating software-based products and services. Potential risks and different strategies need to be addressed when setting up such collaborations. Aspects such as cultural and social features, coordination, infrastructure, organizational change processes, or communication issues need to be con- sidered. Although there are already experiences available with respect to setting up global collaborations, they mainly focus on specific areas. It is dicult for companies to quickly assess if they have considered all rele- vant aspects. An overall aid that guides companies in systematically setting up global collaborations is widely missing. In this paper we present a study based on the snowballing method as a systematic approach to literature review. Based on this literature review and inputs from indus- try we investigated what aspects and practices need to be considered when establishing global software development collaborations and how to prioritize them. Based on that we created activity roadmaps that aggregate existing experiences. Reported experiences were structured into nine main aspects each containing extracted successful practices for set- ting up global software development collaborations. As a result we came up with an initial version of a canvas that is proposed as guidance for companies for setting up global collaborations in the software development domain.
  • Mähönen, Tuuli Anna; Jasinskaja-Lahti, Inga (SAGE PUBLICATIONS, INC., 2013)
  • Razzauti Sanfeliu, Maria; Plyusnina, Angelina; Henttonen, Heikki; Pljusnin, Aleksandr (Cambridge University Press, 2008)
    "The genetic diversity of Puumala hantavirus (PUUV) was studied in a local population of its natural host, the bank vole (Myodes glareolus). The trapping area (2.5x2.5 km) at Konnevesi, Central Finland, included 14 trapping sites, at least 500 m apart; altogether, 147 voles were captured during May and October 2005. Partial sequences of the S, M and L viral genome segments were recovered from 40 animals. Seven, 12 and 17 variants were detected for the S, M and L sequences, respectively; these represent new wild-type PUUV strains that belong to the Finnish genetic lineage. The genetic diversity of PUUV strains from Konnevesi was 0.2-4.9% for the S segment, 0.2-4.8% for the M segment and 0.2-9.7% for the L segment. Most nucleotide substitutions were synonymous and most deduced amino acid substitutions were conservative, probably due to strong stabilizing selection operating at the protein level. Based on both sequence markers and phylogenetic clustering, the S, M and L sequences could be assigned to two groups, 'A' and 'B'. Notably, not all bank voles carried S, M and L sequences belonging to the same group, i.e. SAMALA or SBMBLB.. A substantial proportion (8/40, 20%) of the newly characterized PUUV strains possessed reassortant genomes such as SBMALA, SAMBLB or SBMALB. These results suggest that at least some of the PUUV reassortants are viable and can survive in the presence of their parental strains."
  • Enroth, Johannes; Olsson, Sanna; Long, David G.; Quandt, Dietmar (2012)
    Pinnatella gollanii Broth., previously known only from north Indian collections dating back to 1903, was rediscovered in Nepal in 2001.
  • Metsälä, M; Schmidt, F; Skyttä, M; Vaittinen, O; Halonen, L (IOP Publishing, 2010)
  • Watanabe, Kazuho; Roos, Teemu; Myllymäki, Petri (2013)
    The normalized maximum likelihood model achieves the minimax coding (log-loss) regret for data of fixed sample size n. However, it is a batch strategy, i.e., it requires that n be known in advance. Furthermore, it is computationally infeasible for most statistical models, and several computationally feasible alternative strategies have been devised. We characterize the achievability of asymptotic minimaxity by batch strategies (i.e., strategies that depend on n) as well as online strategies (i.e., strategies independent of n). On one hand, we conjecture that for a large class of models, no online strategy can be asymptotically minimax. We prove that this holds under a slightly stronger definition of asymptotic minimaxity. Our numerical experiments support the conjecture about non-achievability by so called last-step minimax algorithms, which are independent of n. On the other hand, we show that in the multinomial model, a Bayes mixture defined by the conjugate Dirichlet prior with a simple dependency on n achieves asymptotic minimaxity for all sequences, thus providing a simpler asymptotic minimax strategy compared to earlier work by Xie and Barron. The numerical results also demonstrate superior finite-sample behavior by a number of novel batch and online algorithms.
  • Konttinen, Y T; Mandelin, J; Li, T F; Salo, J; Lassus, J; Liljestrom, M; Hukkanen, M; Takagi, M; Virtanen, I; Santavirta, S (JOHN/WILEY & SONS, INC., 2002)
  • Leinonen, Jussi; Moisseev, Dmitri; Leskinen, Matti; Petersen, Walter A. (AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 2012)
    To improve the understanding of high-latitude rain microphysics and its implications for the remote sensing of rainfall by ground-based and spaceborne radars, raindrop size measurements have been analyzed that were collected over five years with a Joss–Waldvogel disdrometer located in Järvenpää, Finland. The analysis shows that the regional climate is characterized by light rain and small drop size with narrow size distributions and that the mutual relations of drop size distribution parameters differ from those reported at lower latitudes. Radar parameters computed from the distributions demonstrate that the high latitudes are a challenging target for weather radar observations, particularly those employing polarimetric and dual-frequency techniques. Nevertheless, the findings imply that polarimetric ground radars can produce reliable “ground truth” estimates for space observations and identify dual-frequency radars utilizing a W-band channel as promising tools for observing rainfall in the high-latitude climate.
  • Eronen, J. T.; Micheels, A.; Utescher, T. (EVOLUTIONARY ECOLOGY LTD, 2011)
  • Clark, Christine; Palta, Priit; Joyce, Christopher J.; Scott, Carol; Grundberg, Elin; Deloukas, Panos; Palotie, Aarno; Coffey, Alison J. (Public Library of Science, 2012)
  • Karttunen, Lauri; Koskenniemi, Kimmo; Kaplan, Ronald (Center for the Study of Language and Information, Stanford University, 1987)
  • Gritsevich, Maria; Vinnikov, Vladimir; Kohout, Tomas; Toth, Juraj; Peltoniemi, Jouni; Turchak, Leonid; Virtanen, Jenni (University of Arizona, Dept. of Geosciences, 2014)
    Abstract–In this study, we conduct a detailed analysis of the Košice meteorite fall (February28, 2010), to derive a reliable law describing the mass distribution among the recovered fragments. In total, 218 fragments of the Košice meteorite, with a total mass of 11.285 kg, were analyzed. Bimodal Weibull, bimodal Grady, and bimodal lognormal distributions are found to be the most appropriate for describing the Košice fragmentation process. Based on the assumption of bimodal lognormal, bimodal Grady, bimodal sequential, and bimodal Weibull fragmentation distributions, we suggest that, prior to further extensive fragmentation in the lower atmosphere, the Košice meteoroid was initially represented by two independent pieces with cumulative residual masses of approximately 2 and 9 kg, respectively. The smaller piece produced about 2 kg of multiple lightweight meteorite fragments with the mean around 12 g. The larger one resulted in 9 kg of meteorite fragments, recovered on the ground, including the two heaviest pieces of 2.374 kg and 2.167 kg with the mean around 140 g. Based on our investigations, we conclude that two to three larger fragments of 500–1000 g each should exist, but were either not recovered or not reported by illegal meteorite hunters.
  • Holmgren, Noel Michael Andre; Norrstrom, Niclas; Aps, Robert; Kuikka, Sakari (Public Library of Science, 2014)
  • Peltonen, Matti (SKS Finnish Literature Society, 2013)