Streptococcus agalactiae Serotype IV in Humans and Cattle, Northern Europe

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Lyhs , U , Kulkas , L , Katholm , J , Waller , K P , Saha , K , Tomusk , R J & Zadoks , R N 2016 , ' Streptococcus agalactiae Serotype IV in Humans and Cattle, Northern Europe ' , Emerging Infectious Diseases , vol. 22 , no. 12 , pp. 2097-2103 . https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2212.151447

Title: Streptococcus agalactiae Serotype IV in Humans and Cattle, Northern Europe
Author: Lyhs, Ulrike; Kulkas, Laura; Katholm, Jorgen; Waller, Karin Persson; Saha, Kerttu; Tomusk, Richard J.; Zadoks, Ruth N.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Ruralia Institute, Seinäjoki
Date: 2016-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Emerging Infectious Diseases
ISSN: 1080-6040
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/172528
Abstract: Streptococcus agalactiae is an emerging pathogen of nonpregnant human adults worldwide and a reemerging pathogen of dairy cattle in parts of Europe. To learn more about interspecies transmission of this bacterium, we compared contemporaneously collected isolates from humans and cattle in Finland and Sweden. Multilocus sequence typing identified 5 sequence types (STs) (ST1, 8, 12, 23, and 196) shared across the 2 host species, suggesting possible interspecies transmission. More than 54% of the isolates belonged to those STs. Molecular serotyping and pilus island typing of those isolates did not differentiate between populations isolated from different host species. Isolates from humans and cattle differed in lactose fermentation, which is encoded on the accessory genome and represents an adaptation to the bovine mammary gland. Serotype IV-ST196 isolates were obtained from multiple dairy herds in both countries. Cattle may constitute a previously unknown reservoir of this strain.
Subject: GROUP-B STREPTOCOCCUS
NONPREGNANT ADULTS
ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE
MASTITIS PATHOGENS
MULTIPLEX PCR
UNITED-STATES
DAIRY HERDS
BOVINE
COLONIZATION
DISEASE
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
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