Synergies and trade-offs between renewable energy expansion and biodiversity conservation - a cross-national multifactor analysis

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/173314

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Santangeli , A , Di Minin , E , Toivonen , T , Pogson , M , Hastings , A , Smith , P & Moilanen , A 2016 , ' Synergies and trade-offs between renewable energy expansion and biodiversity conservation - a cross-national multifactor analysis ' , Global change biology. Bioenergy , vol. 8 , no. 6 , pp. 1191-1200 . https://doi.org/10.1111/gcbb.12337

Title: Synergies and trade-offs between renewable energy expansion and biodiversity conservation - a cross-national multifactor analysis
Author: Santangeli, Andrea; Di Minin, Enrico; Toivonen, Tuuli; Pogson, Mark; Hastings, Astley; Smith, Pete; Moilanen, Atte
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Finnish Museum of Natural History
University of Helsinki, Digital Geography Lab
University of Helsinki, Department of Geosciences and Geography
University of Helsinki, Biosciences
Date: 2016-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Global change biology. Bioenergy
ISSN: 1757-1693
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/173314
Abstract: Increased deployment of renewable energy can contribute towards mitigating climate change and improving air quality, wealth and development. However, renewable energy technologies are not free of environmental impacts; thus, it is important to identify opportunities and potential threats from the expansion of renewable energy deployment. Currently, there is no cross-national comprehensive analysis linking renewable energy potential simultaneously to socio-economic and political factors and biodiversity priority locations. Here, we quantify the relationship between the fraction of land-based renewable energy (including solar photovoltaic, wind and bioenergy) potential available outside the top biodiversity areas (i.e. outside the highest ranked 30% priority areas for biodiversity conservation) within each country, with selected socio-economic and geopolitical factors as well as biodiversity assets. We do so for two scenarios that identify priority areas for biodiversity conservation alternatively in a globally coordinated manner vs. separately for individual countries. We show that very different opportunities and challenges emerge if the priority areas for biodiversity protection are identified globally or designated nationally. In the former scenario, potential for solar, wind and bioenergy outside the top biodiversity areas is highest in developing countries, in sparsely populated countries and in countries of low biodiversity potential but with high air pollution mortality. Conversely, when priority areas for biodiversity protection are designated nationally, renewable energy potential outside the top biodiversity areas is highest in countries with good governance but also in countries with high biodiversity potential and population density. Overall, these results identify both clear opportunities but also risks that should be considered carefully when making decisions about renewable energy policies.
Subject: air pollution mortality
bioenergy
control of corruption
governance
international investment
offsetting
spatial conservation prioritization
trade-off
PROTECTED AREA EXPANSION
LAND-USE
EVALUATING OPTIONS
GDP
COUNTRIES
HOTSPOTS
IMPACTS
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
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