Water-Dispersible Silica-Polyelectrolyte Nanocomposites Prepared via Acid-Triggered Polycondensation of Silicic Acid and Directed by Polycations

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Overton , P , Danilovtseva , E , Karjalainen , E , Karesoja , M , Annenkov , V , Tenhu , H & Aseyev , V 2016 , ' Water-Dispersible Silica-Polyelectrolyte Nanocomposites Prepared via Acid-Triggered Polycondensation of Silicic Acid and Directed by Polycations ' , Polymers , vol. 8 , no. 3 , 96 . https://doi.org/10.3390/polym8030096

Title: Water-Dispersible Silica-Polyelectrolyte Nanocomposites Prepared via Acid-Triggered Polycondensation of Silicic Acid and Directed by Polycations
Author: Overton, Philip; Danilovtseva, Elena; Karjalainen, Erno; Karesoja, Mikko; Annenkov, Vadim; Tenhu, Heikki; Aseyev, Vladimir
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Chemistry
University of Helsinki, Department of Chemistry
University of Helsinki, Department of Chemistry
University of Helsinki, Department of Chemistry
University of Helsinki, Department of Chemistry
Date: 2016-03
Language: eng
Number of pages: 19
Belongs to series: Polymers
ISSN: 2073-4360
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/173473
Abstract: The present work describes the acid-triggered condensation of silicic acid, Si(OH)(4), as directed by selected polycations in aqueous solution in the pH range of 6.5-8.0 at room temperature, without the use of additional solvents or surfactants. This process results in the formation of silica-polyelectrolyte (S-PE) nanocomposites in the form of precipitate or water-dispersible particles. The mean hydrodynamic diameter (d(h)) of size distributions of the prepared water-dispersible S-PE composites is presented as a function of the solution pH at which the composite formation was achieved. Poly(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA) and block copolymers of DMAEMA and oligo(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate (OEGMA) were used as weak polyelectrolytes in S-PE composite formation. The activity of the strong polyelectrolytes poly(methacryloxyethyl trimethylammonium iodide) (PMOTAI) and PMOTAI-b-POEGMA in S-PE formation is also examined. The effect of polyelectrolyte strength and the OEGMA block on the formation of the S-PE composites is assessed with respect to the S-PE composites prepared using the PDMAEMA homopolymer. In the presence of the PDMAEMA(60) homopolymer (M-w = 9400 g/mol), the size of the dispersible S-PE composites increases with solution pH in the range pH 6.6-8.1, from d(h) = 30 nm to d(h) = 800 nm. S-PDMAEMA(60) prepared at pH 7.8 contained 66% silica by mass (TGA). The increase in dispersible S-PE particle size is diminished when directed by PDMAEMA(300) (M-w = 47,000 g/mol), reaching a maximum of d(h) = 75 nm. S-PE composites formed using PDMAEMA-b-POEGMA remain in the range d(h) = 20-30 nm across this same pH regime. Precipitated S-PE composites were obtained as spheres of up to 200 nm in diameter (SEM) and up to 65% mass content of silica (TGA). The conditions of pH for the preparation of dispersible and precipitate S-PE nanocomposites, as directed by the five selected polyelectrolytes PDMAEMA(60), PDMAEMA(300), PMOTAI(60), PDMAEMA(60)-b-POEGMA(38) and PMOTAI(60)-b-POEGMA(38) is summarized.
Subject: PMOTAI
POEGMA
colloid
polyelectrolyte
silica
OEGMA
sodium metasilicate
nanoparticles
PDMAEMA
condensation
polycations
FRAGMENTATION CHAIN TRANSFER
RADICAL POLYMERIZATION
SODIUM-SILICATE
ORGANIC/INORGANIC HYBRID
BIOMIMETIC SYNTHESIS
RAFT POLYMERIZATION
MESOPOROUS CARBON
AQUEOUS-SOLUTION
MARINE SPONGE
IN-VITRO
116 Chemical sciences
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