Sleep and behavioural problems associate with low mood in Finnish children aged 4-12 years : an epidemiological study

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/173649

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Maasalo , K , Fontell , T , Wessman , J & Aronen , E T 2016 , ' Sleep and behavioural problems associate with low mood in Finnish children aged 4-12 years : an epidemiological study ' Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health , vol. 10 , 37 . DOI: 10.1186/s13034-016-0125-4

Title: Sleep and behavioural problems associate with low mood in Finnish children aged 4-12 years : an epidemiological study
Author: Maasalo, K.; Fontell, T.; Wessman, Jaana; Aronen, E. T.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Children's Hospital
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute for Information Technology
University of Helsinki, Children's Hospital
Date: 2016-10-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
ISSN: 1753-2000
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/173649
Abstract: Background: Few studies have examined the associations between sleep, mood and behaviour in young children in the early stages of developing psychopathology. The purpose here was to examine the association of emotional problems, especially mood, with family and child characteristics, sleep and behavioural problems in 4-12 year-old children. Methods: The sample was population-based and included 1714 children. Parents filled in the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and a background questionnaire on child and family characteristics. The associations between (a) emotional symptoms/mood and background variables, (b) emotional problems and conduct problems/hyperactivity and (c) mood and conduct problems/hyperactivity were examined with ordinal regression in univariate and multivariate models. Results: Of the background variables, child's sleeping problems had the most powerful association with emotional symptoms and mood. Abnormal emotional problems score and emotional symptoms were associated with abnormal conduct problems and hyperactivity scores. Of the emotional symptoms, low mood was the one associated most strongly with conduct problems and hyperactivity after controlling for all significant background variables and other emotional symptoms. Conclusions: We conclude that in young children sleep problems associate with low mood. Low mood associates with behavioural problems. When a child presents with low mood or behavioural problems, a comprehensive assessment of their psychiatric symptoms, as well as their sleep problems, is recommended.
Subject: Mood
Behaviour problems
Sleep
Child development
Risk factors
MENTAL-HEALTH
DIFFICULTIES QUESTIONNAIRE
PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS
SCHOOL-AGE
SUBTHRESHOLD DEPRESSION
PREVALENCE
ADOLESCENTS
SYMPTOMS
CHILDHOOD
COMORBIDITY
3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
3124 Neurology and psychiatry
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