Initiatives towards Carbon Neutrality in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area

Show full item record



Permalink

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/173650

Citation

Dahal , K P & Niemelä , J K 2016 , ' Initiatives towards Carbon Neutrality in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area ' , Climate , vol. 4 , no. 3 , 36 . https://doi.org/10.3390/cli4030036

Title: Initiatives towards Carbon Neutrality in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area
Author: Dahal, Karna Prasad; Niemelä, Jari Kalevi
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences
University of Helsinki, Environmental Sciences
Date: 2016-07-18
Language: eng
Number of pages: 16
Belongs to series: Climate
ISSN: 2225-1154
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/173650
Abstract: Carbon neutrality represents one climate strategy adopted by many cities, including the city of Helsinki and the Helsinki metropolitan area in Finland. This study examines initiatives adopted by the Helsinki metropolitan area aimed at reducing energy-related carbon emissions and achieving carbon neutrality through future actions. Various sectorial energy consumption rates per year and carbon emissions from various sectors within the city of Helsinki and the metropolitan area were extracted from an online database and re-calculated (in GWh, MWh/inhabitant and MtCO(2)e, KtCO(2)e/inhabitant). We employed a backcasting scenario method to explore the various carbon reduction measures in the Helsinki metropolitan area. About 96% of the emissions produced in the Helsinki metropolitan area are energy-based. District heating represents the primary source of emissions, followed by transportation and electricity consumption, respectively. We also found that accomplishing the carbon reduction strategies of the Helsinki metropolitan area by 2050 remains challenging. Technological advancement for clean and renewable energy sources, smart policies and raising awareness resulting in behavioral changes greatly affect carbon reduction actions. Thus, strong political commitments are also required to formulate and implement stringent climate actions
Subject: 1172 Environmental sciences
carbon neutral
emissions
climate actions
renewable energy
smart policies
Rights:


Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
climate04_00036.pdf 2.335Mb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record