Initiatives towards Carbon Neutrality in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area

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Dahal , K P & Niemelä , J K 2016 , ' Initiatives towards Carbon Neutrality in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area ' , Climate , vol. 4 , no. 3 , 36 .

Title: Initiatives towards Carbon Neutrality in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area
Author: Dahal, Karna Prasad; Niemelä, Jari Kalevi
Contributor organization: Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Environmental Sciences
Date: 2016-07-18
Language: eng
Number of pages: 16
Belongs to series: Climate
ISSN: 2225-1154
Abstract: Carbon neutrality represents one climate strategy adopted by many cities, including the city of Helsinki and the Helsinki metropolitan area in Finland. This study examines initiatives adopted by the Helsinki metropolitan area aimed at reducing energy-related carbon emissions and achieving carbon neutrality through future actions. Various sectorial energy consumption rates per year and carbon emissions from various sectors within the city of Helsinki and the metropolitan area were extracted from an online database and re-calculated (in GWh, MWh/inhabitant and MtCO(2)e, KtCO(2)e/inhabitant). We employed a backcasting scenario method to explore the various carbon reduction measures in the Helsinki metropolitan area. About 96% of the emissions produced in the Helsinki metropolitan area are energy-based. District heating represents the primary source of emissions, followed by transportation and electricity consumption, respectively. We also found that accomplishing the carbon reduction strategies of the Helsinki metropolitan area by 2050 remains challenging. Technological advancement for clean and renewable energy sources, smart policies and raising awareness resulting in behavioral changes greatly affect carbon reduction actions. Thus, strong political commitments are also required to formulate and implement stringent climate actions
Subject: 1172 Environmental sciences
carbon neutral
climate actions
renewable energy
smart policies
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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