Initiatives towards Carbon Neutrality in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area

Show simple item record Dahal, Karna Prasad Niemelä, Jari Kalevi 2017-01-17T12:49:01Z 2017-01-17T12:49:01Z 2016-07-18
dc.identifier.citation Dahal , K P & Niemelä , J K 2016 , ' Initiatives towards Carbon Neutrality in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area ' , Climate , vol. 4 , no. 3 , 36 .
dc.identifier.other PURE: 78321953
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: c1106ed3-3e02-40e4-8091-807b30c590e7
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000382625300003
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85027320557
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-1747-382X/work/37892261
dc.description.abstract Carbon neutrality represents one climate strategy adopted by many cities, including the city of Helsinki and the Helsinki metropolitan area in Finland. This study examines initiatives adopted by the Helsinki metropolitan area aimed at reducing energy-related carbon emissions and achieving carbon neutrality through future actions. Various sectorial energy consumption rates per year and carbon emissions from various sectors within the city of Helsinki and the metropolitan area were extracted from an online database and re-calculated (in GWh, MWh/inhabitant and MtCO(2)e, KtCO(2)e/inhabitant). We employed a backcasting scenario method to explore the various carbon reduction measures in the Helsinki metropolitan area. About 96% of the emissions produced in the Helsinki metropolitan area are energy-based. District heating represents the primary source of emissions, followed by transportation and electricity consumption, respectively. We also found that accomplishing the carbon reduction strategies of the Helsinki metropolitan area by 2050 remains challenging. Technological advancement for clean and renewable energy sources, smart policies and raising awareness resulting in behavioral changes greatly affect carbon reduction actions. Thus, strong political commitments are also required to formulate and implement stringent climate actions en
dc.format.extent 16
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Climate
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject 1172 Environmental sciences
dc.subject carbon neutral
dc.subject emissions
dc.subject climate actions
dc.subject renewable energy
dc.subject smart policies
dc.title Initiatives towards Carbon Neutrality in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences
dc.contributor.organization Environmental Sciences
dc.contributor.organization Biosciences
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.issn 2225-1154
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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