Peer evaluation can reliably measure local knowledge

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/173801

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Reyes-García , V , Díaz-Reviriego , I , Duda , R , Fernández-Llamazares , Á , Gallois , S , Guèze , M , Napitupulu , L & Pyhälä , A 2016 , ' Peer evaluation can reliably measure local knowledge ' , Field Methods , vol. 28 , no. 4 , pp. 1-18 . https://doi.org/10.1177/1525822X16629912

Title: Peer evaluation can reliably measure local knowledge
Author: Reyes-García, Victoria; Díaz-Reviriego, Isabel; Duda, Romain; Fernández-Llamazares, Álvaro; Gallois, Sandrine; Guèze, Maximilien; Napitupulu, Lucentezza; Pyhälä, Aili
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
University of Helsinki, Biosciences
Date: 2016
Language: eng
Number of pages: 18
Belongs to series: Field Methods
ISSN: 1525-822X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/173801
Abstract: We assess the consistency of measures of individual local ecological knowledge obtained through peer evaluation against three standard measures: identification tasks, structured questionnaires, and self-reported skills questionnaires. We collected ethnographic information among the Baka (Congo), the Punan (Borneo), and the Tsimane’ (Amazon) to design site-specific but comparable tasks to measure medicinal plant and hunting knowledge. Scores derived from peer ratings correlate with scores of identification tasks and self-reported skills questionnaires. The higher the number of people rating a subject, the larger the association. Associations were larger for the full sample than for subsamples with high and low rating scores. Peer evaluation can provide a more affordable method in terms of difficulty, time, and budget to study intracultural variation of knowledge, provided that researchers (1) do not aim to describe local knowledge; (2) select culturally recognized domains of knowledge; and (3) use a large and diverse (age, sex, and kinship) group of evaluators.
Subject: 5143 Social and cultural anthropology
local knowledge
peer evaluation
cross-cultural anthropology
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