PREVIEW Behavior Modification Intervention Toolbox (PREMIT) : A Study Protocol for a Psychological Element of a Multicenter Project

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Kahlert , D , Unyi-Reicherz , A , Stratton , G , Larsen , T M , Fogelholm , M , Raben , A & Schlicht , W 2016 , ' PREVIEW Behavior Modification Intervention Toolbox (PREMIT) : A Study Protocol for a Psychological Element of a Multicenter Project ' , Frontiers in Psychology , vol. 7 , 1136 . https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01136

Title: PREVIEW Behavior Modification Intervention Toolbox (PREMIT) : A Study Protocol for a Psychological Element of a Multicenter Project
Author: Kahlert, Daniela; Unyi-Reicherz, Annelie; Stratton, Gareth; Larsen, Thomas Meinert; Fogelholm, Mikael; Raben, Anne; Schlicht, Wolfgang
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition

Date: 2016-08-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Frontiers in Psychology
ISSN: 1664-1078
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01136
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/174565
Abstract: Background: Losing excess body weight and preventing weight regain by changing lifestyle is a challenging but promising task to prevent the incidence of type-2 diabetes. To be successful, it is necessary to use evidence-based and theory-driven interventions, which also contribute to the science of behavior modification by providing a deeper understanding of successful intervention components. Objective: To develop a physical activity and dietary behavior modification intervention toolbox (PREMIT) that fulfills current requirements of being theory-driven and evidence-based, comprehensively described and feasible to evaluate. PREMIT is part of an intervention trial, which aims to prevent the onset of type-2 diabetes in pre-diabetics in eight clinical centers across the world by guiding them in changing their physical activity and dietary behavior through a group counseling approach. Methods: The program development took five progressive steps, in line with the Public Health Action Cycle: (1) Summing-up the intervention goal(s), target group and the setting, (2) uncovering the generative psychological mechanisms, (3) identifying behavior change techniques and tools, (4) preparing for evaluation and (5) implementing the intervention and assuring quality. Results: PREMIT is based on a trans -theoretical approach referring to valid behavior modification theories, models and approaches. A major "product" of PREMIT is a matrix, constructed for use by onsite-instructors. The matrix includes objectives, tasks and activities ordered by periods. PREMIT is constructed to help instructors guide participants' behavior change. To ensure high fidelity and adherence of program -implementation across the eight intervention centers standardized operational procedures were defined and "train-the-trainer" workshops were held. In summary PREMIT is a theory-driven, evidence-based program carefully developed to change physical activity and dietary behaviors in pre diabetic people.
Subject: behavior modification
overweight
obesity
physical activity
diet
type-2 diabetes
theory- and evidence-based
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY BEHAVIOR
SELF-EFFICACY
LIFE-STYLE
MILLION PARTICIPANTS
DIABETES PREVENTION
POOLED ANALYSIS
FOLLOW-UP
HEALTH
DIET
METAANALYSIS
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
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