Climate Security : Strategy or Necessity for Finland?

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/175285

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Hakala , E 2016 , Climate Security : Strategy or Necessity for Finland? Briefing Paper , no. 209 , Finnish Institute of International Affairs . < http://www.fiia.fi/fi/publication/642/climate_security/ >

Title: Climate Security : Strategy or Necessity for Finland?
Author: Hakala, Emma
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Aleksanteri Institute 2010-2017
Publisher: Finnish Institute of International Affairs
Date: 2016-12-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Briefing Paper
ISBN: 978-951-769-513-8
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/175285
Abstract: Climate change will have security effects, both directly in the form of natural disasters and indirectly through societal upheavals. In the international arena, some of these have already been recognized by political leaders. In Finland, climate security has not emerged as a major policy issue. This may be due in part to the fact that the relatively weak ecological impacts predicted for Northern Europe do not amount to a significant sense of threat. Yet the effects of climate change will be felt globally and will also pose indirect security threats. Therefore, Finland has a responsibility and an interest to develop its own climate security policies and participate in international cooperation in this field, with the aim of managing the phenomenon. The securitization of climate change will not be beneficial or effective if it is only seen in terms of an imposition of traditional security practices onto climate policies. Instead, climate security discussion and policy should be based on participation and pre-emption rather than on extreme measures and emergency. Concrete policies need to be developed to tackle climate security. Finland should contribute to this effort both at the national and the global level, focusing on areas of its own expertise such as science and technology, regional and multilateral cooperation, peace-building, or the Arctic region.
Subject: 517 Political science
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