Infant Directed Speech Enhances Statistical Learning in Newborn Infants : An ERP Study

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/175414

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Bosseler , A N , Teinonen , T , Tervaniemi , M & Huotilainen , M 2016 , ' Infant Directed Speech Enhances Statistical Learning in Newborn Infants : An ERP Study ' , PLoS One , vol. 11 , no. 9 , 0162177 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162177

Title: Infant Directed Speech Enhances Statistical Learning in Newborn Infants : An ERP Study
Author: Bosseler, Alexis N.; Teinonen, Tuomas; Tervaniemi, Mari; Huotilainen, Minna
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Behavioural Sciences
University of Helsinki, Behavioural Sciences
University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, Behavioural Sciences
Date: 2016-09-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 15
Belongs to series: PLoS One
ISSN: 1932-6203
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/175414
Abstract: Statistical learning and the social contexts of language addressed to infants are hypothesized to play important roles in early language development. Previous behavioral work has found that the exaggerated prosodic contours of infant-directed speech (IDS) facilitate statistical learning in 8-month-old infants. Here we examined the neural processes involved in on-line statistical learning and investigated whether the use of IDS facilitates statistical learning in sleeping newborns. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded while newborns were exposed to 12 pseudo-words, six spoken with exaggerated pitch contours of IDS and six spoken without exaggerated pitch contours (ADS) in ten alternating blocks. We examined whether ERP amplitudes for syllable position within a pseudo-word (word-initial vs. word-medial vs. word-final, indicating statistical word learning) and speech register (ADS vs. IDS) would interact. The ADS and IDS registers elicited similar ERP patterns for syllable position in an early 0-100 ms component but elicited different ERP effects in both the polarity and topographical distribution at 200-400 ms and 450-650 ms. These results provide the first evidence that the exaggerated pitch contours of IDS result in differences in brain activity linked to on-line statistical learning in sleeping newborns.
Subject: EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS
AUDITORY-EVOKED POTENTIALS
MISMATCH NEGATIVITY
CEREBRAL SPECIALIZATION
LANGUAGE EXPERIENCE
9-MONTH-OLD INFANTS
BRAIN POTENTIALS
NATIVE-LANGUAGE
VISUAL-CORTEX
SEGMENTATION
515 Psychology
516 Educational sciences
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