Counteracting wetland overgrowth increases breeding and staging bird abundances

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/176445

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Lehikoinen , P , Lehikoinen , A , Mikkola-Roos , M & Jaatinen , K 2017 , ' Counteracting wetland overgrowth increases breeding and staging bird abundances ' , Scientific Reports , vol. 7 , 41391 . https://doi.org/10.1038/srep41391

Title: Counteracting wetland overgrowth increases breeding and staging bird abundances
Author: Lehikoinen, Petteri; Lehikoinen, Aleksi; Mikkola-Roos, Markku; Jaatinen, Kim
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Finnish Museum of Natural History
University of Helsinki, Finnish Museum of Natural History
University of Helsinki, Tvärminne Zoological Station
Date: 2017-01-27
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: Scientific Reports
ISSN: 2045-2322
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/176445
Abstract: Human actions have led to loss and degradation of wetlands, impairing their suitability as habitat especially for waterbirds. Such negative effects may be mitigated through habitat management. To date scientific evidence regarding the impacts of these actions remains scarce. We studied guild specific abundances of breeding and staging birds in response to habitat management on 15 Finnish wetlands. In this study management actions comprised several means of vegetation removal to thwart overgrowth. Management cost efficiency was assessed by examining the association between site-specific costs and bird abundances. Several bird guilds exhibited positive connections with both habitat management as well as with invested funds. Most importantly, however, red-listed species and species with special conservation concern as outlined by the EU showed positive correlations with management actions, underlining the conservation value of wetland management. The results suggest that grazing was especially efficient in restoring overgrown wetlands. As a whole this study makes it clear that wetland habitat management constitutes a feasible conservation tool. The marked association between invested funds and bird abundance may prove to be a valuable tool for decision makers when balancing costs and impact of conservation measures against one another.
Subject: WHOLE SYSTEM EXPERIMENT
ECOSYSTEM SERVICES
SPECIES RICHNESS
BOTAURUS-STELLARIS
NUTRIENT RETENTION
HABITAT SELECTION
LONG-TERM
WATERBIRDS
LAKES
MANAGEMENT
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
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