Attitudes towards gambling, gambling participation, and gambling-related harm : cross-sectional Finnish population studies in 2011 and 2015

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/176772

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Salonen , A , Alho , H & Castren , S 2017 , ' Attitudes towards gambling, gambling participation, and gambling-related harm : cross-sectional Finnish population studies in 2011 and 2015 ' BMC Public Health , vol. 17 , 122 . DOI: 10.1186/s12889-017-4056-7

Title: Attitudes towards gambling, gambling participation, and gambling-related harm : cross-sectional Finnish population studies in 2011 and 2015
Author: Salonen, Anne; Alho, Hannu; Castren, Sari
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Medicine
University of Helsinki, Behavioural Sciences
Date: 2017-01-26
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: BMC Public Health
ISSN: 1471-2458
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/176772
Abstract: Background: Information about public gambling attitudes and gambling participation is crucial for the effective prevention of gambling-related harm. This study investigates female and male attitudes towards gambling, gambling participation, and gambling-related harm in the Finnish population aged 15-74. Methods: Cross-sectional random sample data were collected in 2011 (n = 4484) and 2015 (n = 4515). The data were weighted based on gender, age and region of residence. Attitudes were measured using the Attitudes Towards Gambling Scale (ATGS-8). Gambling-related harms were studied using the Problem Gambling Severity Index and the South Oaks Gambling Screen. Results: Attitudes towards gambling became more positive from 2011 to 2015. Female attitudes were generally negative, but nonetheless moved in a positive direction except in age groups under 25. Occasional gambling increased among women aged 18-24. Women aged 18-24 and 45-54 experienced more harms in 2015 than in 2011. Both land and online gambling increased among women aged 65-74. Male attitudes towards gambling were generally positive, and became more positive from 2011 to 2015 in all age groups except 15-17. Weekly gambling decreased among males aged 15-17. Gambling overall increased among males aged 18-24. Gambling several times a week decreased among men aged 35-44 and 45-54, and gambling 1-3 times a month increased in the latter age group. Online gambling increased only among men aged 55-64. Conclusions: Attitudes towards gambling became more positive in all except the youngest age groups. Under-age male gambling continued to decrease. We need to make decision-makers better aware of the continuing growth of online gambling among older people and women's increasing experiences of gambling-related harm. This is vital to ensure more effective prevention.
Subject: Attitudes
Cross-sectional
Gambling
Gambling-related harm
Population study
PLANNED BEHAVIOR
OLDER-ADULTS
INTERNET
GAMBLERS
DISORDERS
CONSEQUENCES
AUSTRALIA
PLAY
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
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