Short sickness absence and subsequent sickness absence due to mental disorders - a follow-up study among municipal employees

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/176774

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Sumanen , H , Pietilainen , O , Lahelma , E & Rahkonen , O 2017 , ' Short sickness absence and subsequent sickness absence due to mental disorders - a follow-up study among municipal employees ' , BMC Public Health , vol. 17 , 15 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3951-7

Title: Short sickness absence and subsequent sickness absence due to mental disorders - a follow-up study among municipal employees
Author: Sumanen, Hilla; Pietilainen, Olli; Lahelma, Eero; Rahkonen, Ossi
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2017-01-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: BMC Public Health
ISSN: 1471-2458
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/176774
Abstract: Background: Mental disorders are common diagnostic causes for longer sickness absence and disability retirement in OECD-countries. Short sickness absence spells are also common, and neither trivial for health and work ability. We studied how prior short sickness absence spells and days are associated with subsequent longer sickness absence due to mental disorders in two age-groups of municipal employees during a 2-, 5- and 9-year follow-up. Methods: The analyses covered 20-34 and 35-49-year-old employees of the City of Helsinki in 2004. Those with prior >= 14 day sickness absence in 2002, 2003 or 2004 were excluded. Women and men were pooled together. Short, 1-13-day sickness absence spells and days were calculated per the actual time of employment during 2004. Logistic regression analysis was used to calculate odds ratios (OR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the subsequent long (>= 14 days) sickness absence due to mental disorders during three follow-ups. Results: The risk for long sickness absence due to mental disorders increased with increasing amount of short sickness absence spells and days. 3 or more short sickness absence spells and 8-14 sickness absence days from short spells in 2004 were strongly associated with subsequent long sickness absence in all three follow-ups. The associations were strongest for the 2-year follow-up; the younger employees tended to have higher risks than the older ones. Conclusions: Three spells or 8 days of short sickness absence per year constitutes a high risk for subsequent long sickness absence due to mental disorders and preventive measures should be considered.
Subject: OCCUPATIONAL CLASS
YOUNG EMPLOYEES
HEALTH-STATUS
WHITEHALL-II
INTERRELATIONSHIPS
DETERMINANTS
INEQUALITIES
EDUCATION
INCOME
LEAVE
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
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