Pest Risk Assessment for Dutch elm disease

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Title: Pest Risk Assessment for Dutch elm disease
Author: Hannunen, Salla; Marinova-Todorova, Mariela
Publisher: Evira
Date: 2016
Belongs to series: Evira Research Reports 1/2016
ISBN: 978-952-225-150-3 (pdf)
ISSN: 1797-2981
Abstract: Dutch elm disease (DED) is a fungal disease that causes high mortality of elms. DED and its vector beetles are widely present in most of the countries in the Northern Hemisphere, but they are not known to be present in Finland. DED is a major risk to plant health in Finland. DED and its vectors are moderately likely to enter Finland by natural spread aided by hitchhiking, because they are present in areas close to Finland. Entry via other pathways is much less likely, mainly due to the low volume of trade of untreated wood and plants for planting. DED and its vectors could likely establish in the southern parts of the country, since they currently occur in similar climatic conditions in other countries. DED could cause massive environmental damage as natural elm groves are critically endangered habitats in Finland. The economic consequences to the owners of mature elms could also be significant. Eradication or containment of DED could be possible if strict measures were taken as the patchy distribution of elms would limit the spread of the disease. The most important source of uncertainty in this assessment is the lack of information regarding the amount of elm in fuel wood, wood waste and wood chips imported to Finland.
Subject: Dutch elm disease
Ophiostoma ulmi
Ophiostoma novo-ulmi
pest risk assessment
plant health

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