The advance of cultivation at its northern European limit : Process or event?

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/180160

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Lahtinen , M , Oinonen , M , Tallavaara , M , Walker , J & Rowley-Conwy , P 2017 , ' The advance of cultivation at its northern European limit : Process or event? ' , Holocene , vol. 27 , no. 3 , pp. 427-438 . https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683616660164

Title: The advance of cultivation at its northern European limit : Process or event?
Author: Lahtinen, Maria; Oinonen, Markku; Tallavaara, Miikka; Walker, James; Rowley-Conwy, Peter
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Geosciences and Geography
University of Helsinki, Finnish Museum of Natural History
University of Helsinki, Department of Geosciences and Geography
Date: 2017-03
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Holocene
ISSN: 0959-6836
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/180160
Abstract: Dates for early cultivation in Finland obtained from pollen analysis and from remains from archaeological sites are compared to changes in population size derived from the summed calendar year probability distributions published by Tallavaara et al. (2010). The results from these two independent proxies correlate strongly with one another, indicating that population size and the advance of farming were closely linked with each other. Moreover, the results show that the adaptation and development of farming in this area was a complex process comprising several stages and with major differences between regions. The most intensive expansion occurred in and after the Iron Age. It is therefore more accurate describe the introduction of farming into the area as a long-lasting process rather than an event.
Subject: 119 Other natural sciences
615 History and Archaeology
archaeology
pollen analysis
population dynamics
prehistory of Finland
radiocarbon dates
spread of farming
PALEOMAGNETIC SECULAR VARIATION
ANNUALLY LAMINATED SEDIMENTS
LAND-USE HISTORY
RADIOCARBON-DATES
EASTERN FINLAND
LAKE-SEDIMENTS
SW FINLAND
ENVIRONMENTAL-CHANGES
VARVE CHRONOLOGY
SOUTHERN FINLAND
1171 Geosciences
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