Is transport distance correlated with animal welfare and carcass quality of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus)?

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Laaksonen , S , Jokelainen , P , Pusenius , J & Oksanen , A 2017 , ' Is transport distance correlated with animal welfare and carcass quality of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus)? ' , Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica , vol. 59 , 17 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s13028-017-0286-z

Title: Is transport distance correlated with animal welfare and carcass quality of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus)?
Author: Laaksonen, Sauli; Jokelainen, Pikka; Pusenius, Jyrki; Oksanen, Antti
Contributor organization: Departments of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
University of Helsinki
Veterinary Biosciences
Veterinary Pathology and Parasitology
Antti Sukura / Principal Investigator
Date: 2017-03-15
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
ISSN: 0044-605X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13028-017-0286-z
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/180428
Abstract: Background: Slaughter reindeer are exposed to stress caused by gathering, handling, loading and unloading, and by conditions in vehicles during transport. These stress factors can lead to compromised welfare and trauma such as bruises or fractures, aspiration of rumen content, and abnormal odour in carcasses, and causing condemnations in meat inspection and lower meat quality. We investigated the statistical association of slaughter transport distance with these indices using meat inspection data from years 2004-2016, including inspection of 669,738 reindeer originating from Finnish reindeer herding areas. Results: Increased stress and decreased welfare of reindeer, as indicated by higher incidence of carcass condemnation due to bruises or fractures, aspiration of rumen content, or abnormal odour, were positively associated with systems involving shorter transport distances to abattoirs. Significant differences in incidence of condemnations were also detected between abattoirs and reindeer herding cooperatives. Conclusions: This study indicates that in particular the short-distance transports of reindeer merit more attention. While the results suggest that factors associated with long distance transport, such as driver education, truck design, veterinary supervision, and specialist equipment, may be favourable to reducing pre-slaughter stress in reindeer when compared with short distance transport systems, which occur in a variety of vehicle types and may be done by untrained handlers. Further work is required to elucidate the causal factors to the current results.
Subject: Reindeer
Meat inspection
Stress
Handling
Transport
Trauma
Aspiration of rumen content
Abnormal odour
Welfare
BLOOD
MEAT
413 Veterinary science
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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