Авторитарная модернизация в России - миссия невыполнима? : Mission: Impossible?

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Gel'man , V 2017 , ' Авторитарная модернизация в России - миссия невыполнима? ' , Мир России , vol. 26 , no. 2 , pp. 38-61 . < https://mirros.hse.ru/data/2017/04/18/1169056584/MR_2_%202017_GEL%E2%80%99MAN.pdf >

Title: Авторитарная модернизация в России - миссия невыполнима? : Mission: Impossible?
Alternative title: Authoritarian Modernization in Russia Mission: Impossible?
Author: Gel'man, Vladimir
Other contributor: Helsingin yliopisto, Alexanderinstitutet 2010-2017
Date: 2017-04
Language: rus
Number of pages: 24
Belongs to series: Мир России
ISSN: 1811-0398
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/180564
Abstract: This article analyses post-Soviet reforms in Russia, and treats them as an example of 'authoritarian modernization', which were implemented to achieve a high level of socioeconomic development by focusing on rapid economic growth while neglecting political democratization. It discusses the arguments in favour of authoritarian modernization as such, and the dilemmas, challenges, and constraints in its implementation which became evident during the period of 1990-2010s. A special emphasis is made on the poor quality of the Russian state against the background of its relatively low international integration. The rent-seeking nature of the state together with the formation and further entrenchment of an electorally authoritarian regime provide negative incentives for the implementation of authoritarian modernization. The article considers a number of contradictions associated with such a project in Russia, including some unintended consequences of the economic growth, including the growth of the demands for democratization, the disjuncture between ambitious policy reforms and their inept implementation by the state apparatus, and the 'mediocrity syndrome' resulting from unjustified claims of Russia's unique influence on the global scale. The article concludes that the features of Russia's current political and economic order impose insurmountably high barriers for the implementation of authoritarian modernization in terms of ideas, institutions, and policies, thereby exhausting the very potential of this project.
Subject: 517 Political science
Russia
modernization
authoritarianism
governance
policy-making
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