Browsing by Author "Anderson, Heidi"

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  • Anderson, Heidi (Helsingin yliopisto, 2008)
    New blood cells are continuously provided by self-renewing multipotent hematopoietic stem cells (HSC). The capacity of HSCs to regenerate the hematopoietic system is utilized in the treatment of patients with hematological malignancies. HSCs can be enriched using an antibody-based recognition of CD34 or CD133 glycoproteins on the cell surface. The CD133+ and CD34+ cells may have partly different roles in hematopoiesis. Furthermore, each cell has a glycome typical for that cell type. Knowledge of HSC glycobiology can be used to design therapeutic cells with improved cell proliferation or homing properties. The present studies characterize the global gene expression profile of human cord blood-derived CD133+ and CD34+ cells, and demonstrate the differences between CD133+ and CD34+ cell populations that may have an impact in transplantation when CD133+ and CD34+ selected cells are used. In addition, these studies unravel the glycome profile of primitive hematopoietic cells and reveal the transcriptional regulation of N-glycan biosynthesis in CD133+ and CD34+ cells. The gene expression profile of CD133+ cells represents 690 differentially expressed transcripts between CD133+ cells and CD133- cells. CD34+ cells have 620 transcripts differentially expressed when compared to CD34- cells. The integrated CD133+/CD34+ cell gene expression profiles proffer novel transcripts to specify HSCs. Furthermore, the differences between the gene expression profiles of CD133+ and CD34+ cells indicate differences in the transcriptional regulation of CD133+ and CD34+ cells. CD133+ cells express a lower number of hematopoietic lineage differentiation marker genes than CD34+ cells. The expression profiles suggest a more primitive nature of CD133+ cells. Moreover, CD133+ cells have characteristic glycome that differ from the glycome of CD133- cells. High mannose-type and biantennary complex-type N-glycans are enriched in CD133+ cells. N-glycosylation-related gene expression pattern of CD133+ cells identify the key genes regulating the CD133+ cell-specific glycosylation including the overexpression of MGAT2 and underexpression of MGAT4. The putative role of MAN1C1 in the increase of unprocessed high mannose-type N-glycans in CD133+ cells is also discussed. These studies provide new information on the characteristics of HSCs. Improved understanding of HSC biology can be used to design therapeutic cells with improved cell proliferation and homing properties. As a result, HSC engineering could further their clinical use.