Browsing by Author "Turunen, Teemu"

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  • Turunen, Teemu (Helsingin yliopisto, 2012)
    In this article-based dissertation, subjective work orientations are studied comparatively among employees in five European countries: Finland, Germany, Great Britain, Spain and Sweden. The umbrella concept of work orientation used in the dissertation refers to the employment commitment, organisational commitment and subjective work goals of employees. Subjective work orientations of employees as measured by surveys are analysed in the study. More specifically, the data consist of Quality of Work Life Surveys collected by Statistics Finland in 1984 and 2003 as well as pooled data from World Values Surveys and European Values Studies collected in 1990, 1995 - 1997 and 1999 - 2000. In addition to this, data from the International Social Survey Program (ISSP), Work Orientation Module III, collected in 2005 - 2006, are used in the study. The following research questions are posed: 1) Have changes occurred in employees work orientations over time? 2) Are there differences between countries in employees work orientations? 3) Are aspects of national culture associated with employees work orientations? The specific focus is on whether these work orientations differ in Finland from those in other four countries. The study consists of four published articles and a synthesis article. Although it has often been feared that employment commitment has decreased, the study shows that employees commitment to work is still strong. The results concerning subjective work goals of employees also did not support Ronald Inglehart s well-known claim of a cultural shift from survival values to self-expression values. The work orientations of employees varied in all five countries according to the employees social status. For example, members of higher social classes showed stronger employment commitment than those of lower social classes. Finnish employees did not display particularly high levels of employment commitment when compared to the four other countries, a finding partly explained by cultural factors. Aspects of national culture, as measured by Shalom Schwartz, also explained the subjective work goals and organisational commitment of the employees in this study.