Lääketieteellinen tiedekunta

 

Recent Submissions

  • Rautjärvi, Heli (Helsingin yliopisto, 2017)
    Work engagement means a positive state of work-related wellbeing characterized by vigor, dedication and absorption (Schaufeli, Bakker, & Leiter, 2010; Schaufeli, Salanova, Gonzalez-roma, & Bakker, 2002). In modern working life, it can be considered as one of the most useful measures of productivity and wellbeing of a single employee or team. Research has found many antecedents of work engagement. At the same time our knowledge of physical wellbeing related to mental wellbeing increases all the time. Sufficient physical activity combined with avoiding too sedentary lifestyle has been found to be one important way of supporting this holistic wellbeing. However only few studies have explored the relationship between physical activity and/or sedentary behavior and work engagement. In present study, I wanted to explore the association between these three topical wellbeing constructs. The study was part of Liike Elämään -project. The study was based on self-evaluating questionnaire data on 12 Finnish small- to medium-sized companies from different industries around Finland (n = 289). Results showed that weekly moderate to vigorous physical activity was associated with work engagement but sedentary behavior, operationalized as daily sitting, was not. Respondents’ self-evaluated health was meaningful for both the experience of work engagement and the amount of physical activity. From these results we can conclude that when looking for engaged, that is well performing and wellbeing, employees, it is also important to invest in supporting employees’ physical activity and perceived health. The role of sedentary behavior in relation to work engagement requires more research with multiple methods. Supporting employees’ work engagement and physical activity challenges both management, employees themselves and occupational healthcare professionals to support each other and work together towards this common goal, utilizing one another’s expertise.
  • Römer, Maria Mikaela (Helsingin yliopisto, 2015)
    This thesis describes the characteristics and management of pediatric deep neck infections at the Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery at the Helsinki University Hospital during a 10-year period. The cohort consisted of 62 patients. A majority (85%) of the patients underwent immediate or late surgical intervention. Due to the low amount of conservatively treated patients (15%) no factors suggestive for successful conservative treatment were recognized. However, initiation of conservative treatment and close follow-up seem sufficient if the patient is in stable condition. The mean duration for hospital stay was 4.8 days. Patients with a complicated clinical course presented more likely with fever, cervical lymphadenopathy, trismus and torticollis. Despite the chosen treatment modality, all patients recovered well and the risk of serious complications was low. Surgical drainage still remains the main treatment modality for this patient population at our institution. Further studies are warranted to compose evidence-based treatment guidelines.