Browsing by Author "Paakala, Elina"

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  • Paakala, Elina (Helsingfors universitet, 2011)
    The aim of this master’s thesis was to study genetic diversity within and between ten dog breeds. The original data was produced by Finnzymes Oy and it contained raw data files that were used to genotype microsatellite markers. The final data contained information from 395 dogs belonging to ten fairly different dog breeds. The amount of dogs per breed was from 31 to 53. The data was genotyped with 18 microsatellite markers. A llelic richness varied between 2,0 – 9,9. The most variable microsatellite locus was AHT137 and the least variable AHTk211. Over all loci allelic richness was highest in Jack Russell Terrier and lowest in Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. S c hipperke had the largest amount of microsatellite loci that were not in Hardy- Weinberg equilibrium. In Coton de Tulear, German Shepherd Dog and Finnish Lapphund all microsatellite loci were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The lowest overall heterozygosity was in Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (0,50) and highest in Finnish Lapphund (0,73). The only statistically significant FIS-values were in Schipperke in locus INU030 (0,39) and over all loci (0,11). The most distant breeds according to FST-value were Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and Rough Collie (0,34) and the closest breeds were Chihuahua and Coton de Tulear (0,07). Overall between breeds diversity was 17,7 %. On the grounds of these results the ten breeds are distinct populations. Coton de Tulear had clearly the highest amount of allele pairs in linkage disequilibrium (94) and Tibetan Spaniel the lowest amount (15). Effective population size was lowest in Rough Collie (35) and highest in Chihuahua (86). Based on many population genetic measures Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Rough Collie and Schipperke seem to have the lowest genetic diversity and Chihuahua, Jack Russel Terrier and Finnish Lapphound the highest. Reasons for different levels of genetic diversity can be found on histories of these dog breeds.