Browsing by Author "Väistö, Anne"

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  • Väistö, Anne (Helsingfors universitet, 2010)
    The properties and evaluation methods of viili, the actions and interactions of viili starters in milk and bacteriophages of the viili starters were reviewed. The aim of the experimental study was to explore whether it was possible to make viili with single strain starters and combine them just before adding the starter to the milk. A new, second viili starter was made from the new strains. The success of the new starters was evaluated by sensory evaluation and by analysing the texture and chemical properties of viili. The starter strains were cultivated in a bioreactor, concentrated by a centrifuge and frozen at –75 °C. The starter strains were combined approx. 1 day before the viili production. The sensory evaluation of the viili was performed by groups of 3 to 6 persons. The texture (consistency, firmness and cohesiveness) of the viili and chemical analysis were made. The results of the sensory analysis were analysed statistically and new strain combinations were formulated based results. The viilis made by the traditional viili starter strains were evaluated by the triangle test (n = 10–11) and the second viili starter was evaluated by descriptive analysis (n = 8). The texture measurements and chemical analyses were also performed. The viili produced by the second starter was infected by the factory phage samples and the pH was measured. After infecting the viili with phage samples, the viili produced by second starter was acidified to pH 4.5 from 0 to 10 hours later compared to the viili without the phage sample. The viili produced by traditional starter did not acidify when the phage was added. The aroma producers did not grow properly in viili when the starter was made by single strains. The viilis made by the present viili starter strains were not distinguished by the triangle test which meant that the starters are possible to make from single strains. The viilis produced by the second viili starter differed from the viili made by traditional starter by appearance and texture characteristics. There was no difference in taste characteristics between the traditional and new starter.