Fatal Babesia canis canis infection in a splenectomized Estonian dog

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Tiskina , V , Capligina , V , Must , K , Berzina , I , Ranka , R & Jokelainen , P 2016 , ' Fatal Babesia canis canis infection in a splenectomized Estonian dog ' , Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica , vol. 58 , 7 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s13028-016-0189-4

Title: Fatal Babesia canis canis infection in a splenectomized Estonian dog
Author: Tiskina, Valentina; Capligina, Valentina; Must, Kuelli; Berzina, Inese; Ranka, Renate; Jokelainen, Pikka
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Veterinary Biosciences
Date: 2016-01-25
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
ISSN: 0044-605X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/182587
Abstract: A previously splenectomized dog from Estonia was presented with a sudden lack of appetite and discoloration of the urine. Despite supportive therapy, its condition deteriorated dramatically during 1 day. Severe thrombocytopenia and high numbers of protozoan hemoparasites were evident in blood smears, and the hematocrit dropped from 46 to 33 %. The dog was euthanized before specific antibabesial treatment was initiated. Blood samples from the dog and from two other dogs in the same household tested positive for Babesia using molecular methods, and the sequences of partial 18S rRNA gene confirmed the causative species as Babesia canis canis. The risk of severe, rapidly progressing babesiosis in splenectomized dogs merits awareness.
Subject: Blood smear
Canine babesiosis
Europe
Splenectomy
413 Veterinary science
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