Shifting of attentional set is inadequate in severe burnout : Evidence from an event-related potential study

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/185082

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Sokka , L , Leinikka , M , Korpela , J , Henelius , A , Lukander , J , Pakarinen , S , Alho , K & Huotilainen , M 2017 , ' Shifting of attentional set is inadequate in severe burnout : Evidence from an event-related potential study ' , International Journal of Psychophysiology , vol. 112 , pp. 70-79 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2016.12.004

Title: Shifting of attentional set is inadequate in severe burnout : Evidence from an event-related potential study
Author: Sokka, Laura; Leinikka, Marianne; Korpela, Jussi; Henelius, Andreas; Lukander, Jani; Pakarinen, Satu; Alho, Kimmo; Huotilainen, Minna
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, Department of Education
Date: 2017-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: International Journal of Psychophysiology
ISSN: 0167-8760
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/185082
Abstract: Individuals with prolonged occupational stress often report difficulties in concentration. Work tasks often require the ability to switch back and forth between different contexts. Here, we studied the association between job burnout and task switching by recording event-related potentials (ERPs) time-locked to stimulus onset during a task with simultaneous cue-target presentation and unpredictable switches in the task. Participants were currently working people with severe, mild, or no burnout symptoms. In all groups, task performance was substantially slower immediately after task switch than during task repetition. However, the error rates were higher in the severe burnout group than in the mild burnout and control groups. Electrophysiological data revealed an increased parietal P3 response for the switch trials relative to repetition trials. Notably, the response was smaller in amplitude in the severe burnout group than in the other groups. The results suggest that severe burnout is associated with inadequate processing when rapid shifting of attention between tasks is required resulting in less accurate performance. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Subject: 516 Educational sciences
Job burnout
Work fatigue
Attention
Event-related potentials (ERP)
Task switching
IMPAIRED COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE
TASK-CUEING PROCEDURE
JOB BURNOUT
SALIVARY CORTISOL
PREFRONTAL CORTEX
CLEVER HOMUNCULUS
ANXIETY DISORDERS
BRAIN
DEPRESSION
STRESS
515 Psychology
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