Does Contextual Change Affect Basic Human Values? : A Dynamic Comparative Multilevel Analysis Across 32 European Countries

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/195918

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Tormos , R , Vauclair , C-M & Dobewall , H 2017 , ' Does Contextual Change Affect Basic Human Values? A Dynamic Comparative Multilevel Analysis Across 32 European Countries ' , Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology , vol. 48 , no. 4 , pp. 490-510 . https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022117692675

Title: Does Contextual Change Affect Basic Human Values? : A Dynamic Comparative Multilevel Analysis Across 32 European Countries
Author: Tormos, Raül; Vauclair, Christin-Melanie; Dobewall, Henrik
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Medicum
Date: 2017
Language: eng
Number of pages: 21
Belongs to series: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
ISSN: 0022-0221
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/195918
Abstract: This article examines the relationship of stable contextual differences and contextual change with the endorsement of Schwartz’s (1992) two basic value dimensions—Openness-to-Change versus Conservation and Self-Enhancement versus Self-Transcendence. Using six waves of the European Social Survey, an extension of multilevel analysis is used which combines both a cross-national comparative and a dynamic analysis of values. The hierarchical data structure and the covariates for value endorsement are defined at three distinct levels: a first level for individuals (with sociodemographic variables, such as age and gender), a second level for country-waves (with time-varying covariates), and a third level for country (with time-invariant covariates). The main aim is to determine if changes in contextual covariates over time are related to value differences between countries over and above contextual time-invariant covariates. High national wealth and low income inequality predicted high Self-Transcendence values and low Conservation values. Low national unemployment rates were associated with less conservatism. When entered simultaneously into the model, only time-invariant differences in gross domestic product (GDP) remained to be a significant predictor of Schwartz’s two basic value dimensions. Finally, we found that an increase in income inequality over time has a certain incremental effect on the endorsement of Conservation over Openness-to-Change values. There were no associations for changes in national wealth and unemployment rates, suggesting that for value endorsement, time-varying contextual effects are less important overall than time-invariant contextual effects.
Subject: 5144 Social psychology
515 Psychology
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