Prenatal determinants of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness in adolescence - Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 study

Show full item record



Permalink

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/197457

Citation

Tikanmaki , M , Tammelin , T , Vaarasmaki , M , Sipola-Leppänen , M , Miettola , S , Pouta , A , Jarvelin , M-R & Kajantie , E 2017 , ' Prenatal determinants of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness in adolescence - Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 study ' , BMC Public Health , vol. 17 , 346 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4237-4

Title: Prenatal determinants of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness in adolescence - Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 study
Author: Tikanmaki, Marjaana; Tammelin, Tuija; Vaarasmaki, Marja; Sipola-Leppänen, Marika; Miettola, Satu; Pouta, Anneli; Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta; Kajantie, Eero
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Children's Hospital
Date: 2017-04-20
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: BMC Public Health
ISSN: 1471-2458
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/197457
Abstract: Background: Lower levels of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are key risk factors of chronic adult diseases. Physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are predicted by birth weight, but the underlying parental and pregnancy-related factors remain largely unknown. We examined how prenatal determinants are associated with physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness in adolescence. Methods: Of the 16-year-old members of the population-based Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 (NFBC 1986), 6682 singletons with no major physical disability reported their amount of physical activity outside school hours, and 4706 completed a submaximal cycle ergometer test assessing cardiorespiratory fitness. Physical activity was expressed as metabolic equivalent hours per week (METh/week) and cardiorespiratory fitness as peak oxygen uptake (ml center dot kg(-1)center dot min(-1)). Prenatal determinants included birth weight, length of gestation, mother's and father's body mass index (BMI), maternal gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and maternal hypertension and smoking during pregnancy. Data were analyzed by multiple linear regression. Results: A higher birth weight and longer length of gestation predicted lower levels of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness at 16 years, although the association between length of gestation and physical activity was inverse U-shaped. Mother's or father's overweight or obesity before pregnancy were associated with lower levels of their offspring's physical activity and fitness in adolescence. Adjusting for maternal pregnancy disorders and the adolescent's own BMI attenuated the associations with the mother's but not the father's overweight/obesity. Furthermore, maternal GDM predicted lower cardiorespiratory fitness. Conclusions: A high birth weight and parental overweight/obesity are associated with lower levels of both physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness in adolescence, while maternal GDM and longer length of gestation are associated with lower cardiorespiratory fitness. Both long and short lengths of gestation predict low physical activity.
Subject: Exercise
Birth weight
Length of gestation
Preterm birth
Gestational diabetes
Gestational hypertension
Obesity
Overweight
Smoking during pregnancy
Cardiometabolic risk factors
BLOOD-PRESSURE
MATERNAL SMOKING
AEROBIC FITNESS
PRETERM BIRTH
RISK-FACTORS
SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS
METABOLIC RISK
BORN PRETERM
ALL-CAUSE
WEIGHT
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
Rights:


Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
s12889_017_4237_4.pdf 944.1Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record