The role of inter- and intralingual factors and compendiums in acquisition of Swedish as a foreign language: the case of Finns’ learning definiteness and the use of articles

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Nyqvist , E-L 2016 , ' The role of inter- and intralingual factors and compendiums in acquisition of Swedish as a foreign language: the case of Finns’ learning definiteness and the use of articles ' , Research in language , vol. 14 , no. 3 , pp. 297-327 . https://doi.org/10.1515/rela-2016-0016

Title: The role of inter- and intralingual factors and compendiums in acquisition of Swedish as a foreign language: the case of Finns’ learning definiteness and the use of articles
Author: Nyqvist, Eeva-Liisa
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Finnish, Finno-Ugrian and Scandinavian Studies
Date: 2016-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 31
Belongs to series: Research in language
ISSN: 2083-4616
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/202484
Abstract: This study explores the acquisition of definiteness and article use in written Swedish by Finnish-speaking teenagers (n=67) during three years in secondary school. The studied grammatical phenomena are problematic for all L2 learners of Swedish and are especially difficult for learners, such as Finns, whose L1 lacks expressive definiteness morphologically. The informants produce complex NPs already in their first narratives. The form of NPs poses significantly more problems than the choice of a correct form of definiteness. Hence, it is possible that previous knowledge in English helps informants in the choice of definiteness. The common nominator for problematic expressions is simplification, in both formal aspects and in the relation between form and meaning. Previous research in Sweden has made similar findings. The most central types of NPs build an acquisition explainable by a complexity hierarchy between the different types of NPs. The informants master best NPs without definiteness markers. Definite singulars containing a definite ending are significantly easier than singulars, the indefinite article of which is notoriously difficult for Finns learning Swedish as an L2. This acquisition order, however, profoundly differs from the traditional order of instruction of their compendiums.
Subject: 6121 Languages
Swedish
definiteness
use of articles
second language acquisition
Finnish
Swedish
Definiteness
Use of articles
Third language acquisition
Finnish
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