Apical periodontitis associates with cardiovascular diseases : a cross-sectional study from Sweden

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Virtanen , E , Nurmi , T , Soder , P-O , Airila-Mansson , S , Soder , B & Meurman , J H 2017 , ' Apical periodontitis associates with cardiovascular diseases : a cross-sectional study from Sweden ' , BMC Oral Health , vol. 17 , 107 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-017-0401-6

Title: Apical periodontitis associates with cardiovascular diseases : a cross-sectional study from Sweden
Author: Virtanen, Eunice; Nurmi, Tapio; Soder, Per-Osten; Airila-Mansson, Stella; Soder, Birgitta; Meurman, Jukka H.
Contributor organization: Clinicum
University of Helsinki
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases
HUS Head and Neck Center
Date: 2017-07-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: BMC Oral Health
ISSN: 1472-6831
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-017-0401-6
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/204688
Abstract: Background: Periodontal disease associates with systemic diseases but corresponding links regarding apical periodontitis (AP) are not so clear. Hence our aim was to study association between AP and the prevalence of systemic diseases in a study population from Sweden. Methods: The subjects were 150 patients from a randomly selected epidemiological sample of 1676 individuals. 120 accepted to participate and their basic and clinical examination data were available for these secondary analyses where dental radiographs were used to record signs for endodontic treatments and AP. Periapical Index and modified Total Dental Index scores were calculated from the x-rays to classify the severity of AP and dental infection burden, respectively. Demographic and hospital record data were collected from the Swedish National Statistics Center. T-test, chi-square and univariate analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) and regressions analyses were used for statistics. Results: Of the 120 patients 41% had AP and 61% had received endodontic treatments of which 52% were radiographically unsatisfactory. AP patients were older and half of them were smokers. AP and periodontitis often appeared in the same patient (32.5%). From all hospital diagnoses, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) were most common, showing 20.4% prevalence in AP patients. Regression analyses, controlled for age, gender, income, smoking and periodontitis, showed AP to associate with CVD with odds ratio 3.83 (95% confidence interval 1.18-12.40; p = 0.025). Conclusions: The results confirmed our hypothesis by showing that AP statistically associated with cardiovascular diseases. The finding that subjects with AP also often had periodontitis indicates an increased oral inflammatory burden.
Subject: Apical periodontitis
Cardiovascular diseases
Systemic diseases
Hospital care
313 Dentistry
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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