Sex-specific timing of autumn migration in birds : the role of sexual size dimorphism, migration distance and differences in breeding investment

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/206648

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Lehikoinen , A , Santaharju , J & Pape Moller , A 2017 , ' Sex-specific timing of autumn migration in birds : the role of sexual size dimorphism, migration distance and differences in breeding investment ' , Ornis Fennica , vol. 94 , no. 2 , pp. 53-65 .

Title: Sex-specific timing of autumn migration in birds : the role of sexual size dimorphism, migration distance and differences in breeding investment
Author: Lehikoinen, Aleksi; Santaharju, Jarkko; Pape Moller, Anders
Contributor: University of Helsinki, University of Helsinki
University of Helsinki, Zoology
Date: 2017
Language: eng
Number of pages: 13
Belongs to series: Ornis Fennica
ISSN: 0030-5685
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/206648
Abstract: Multiple studies have investigated differential migration of sexes during spring migration, while such differences during autumn migration are poorly studied. We tested several functional hypotheses explaining differences in autumnmigration dates between sex and age classes and whether these patterns vary between short- and long-distance migrants (SDMs and LDMs, respectively). We used data of ringed birds from the Hanko and Lagsar Bird Observatory, Finland, North Europe. Altogether data for c. 200,000 ringed birds including 14 passerine species were used. Protogyny, with females migrating earlier than males, was common among young birds, and this difference was clearer in LDMs than in SDMs. However, in adults protogyny was not found, whereas protandy, with females migrating earlier than females, was found in two species. Furthermore, species-specific sexual size dimorphism, SSD, was significantly connected with the time differences in migration between the sexes in SDMs, but not in LDMs. These results suggest that multiple factors are likely affecting differential timing of autumnmigration in birds. It can be beneficial for males, especially young birds, to spend additional time at the breeding grounds to prospect for future nesting sites. The connection between SSD and autumn migration dates in SDM could be linked with the pattern where larger sized individuals can winter closer to the breeding grounds. In addition, later migration dates of adult females compared to adult males could suggest that larger reproductive investment by adult females on breeding may delay their autumn migration.
Subject: SPRING ARRIVAL
CLIMATE-CHANGE
PROTANDRY
SELECTION
MOLT
AGE
HYPOTHESES
EVOLUTION
INFORMATION
PHILOPATRY
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
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