Contribution of smoking-attributable mortality to life expectancy differences by marital status among Finnish men and women, 1971-2010

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dc.contributor.author Peltonen, Riina
dc.contributor.author Ho, Jessica Y.
dc.contributor.author Elo, Irma T.
dc.contributor.author Martikainen, Pekka
dc.date.accessioned 2017-08-07T12:03:00Z
dc.date.available 2017-08-07T12:03:00Z
dc.date.issued 2017-01-13
dc.identifier.citation Peltonen , R , Ho , J Y , Elo , I T & Martikainen , P 2017 , ' Contribution of smoking-attributable mortality to life expectancy differences by marital status among Finnish men and women, 1971-2010 ' , Demographic Research , vol. 36 , 8 , pp. 255-280 . https://doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2017.36.8
dc.identifier.other PURE: 79675540
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: f8a96308-5559-45b4-b1d1-fa8210623737
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000391841100001
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85012921782
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0001-9374-1438/work/40457050
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/208063
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND Smoking is known to vary by marital status, but little is known about its contribution to marital status differences in longevity. We examined the changing contribution of smoking to mortality differences between married and never married, divorced or widowed Finnish men and women aged 50 years and above in 1971-2010. DATA AND METHODS The data sets cover all persons permanently living in Finland in the census years 1970, 1975 through 2000 and 2005 with a five-year mortality follow-up. Smoking-attributable mortality was estimated using an indirect method that uses lung cancer mortality as an indicator for the impact of smoking on mortality from all other causes. RESULTS Life expectancy differences between the married and the other marital status groups increased rapidly over the 40-year study period because of the particularly rapid decline in mortality among married individuals. In 1971-1975 37-48% of life expectancy differences between married and divorced or widowed men were attributable to smoking, and this contribution declined to 11-18% by 2006-2010. Among women, in 1971-1975 up to 16% of life expectancy differences by marital status were due to smoking, and the contribution of smoking increased over time to 10-29% in 2006-2010. CONCLUSIONS In recent decades smoking has left large but decreasing imprints on marital status differences in longevity between married and previously married men, and small but increasing imprints on these differences among women. Over time the contribution of other factors, such as increasing material disadvantage or alcohol use, may have increased. en
dc.format.extent 26
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Demographic Research
dc.rights cc_by_nc
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject SELF-REPORTED HEALTH
dc.subject EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
dc.subject SOCIAL-CONTROL
dc.subject UNITED-STATES
dc.subject US MORTALITY
dc.subject FOLLOW-UP
dc.subject CESSATION
dc.subject BEHAVIORS
dc.subject FINLAND
dc.subject TRENDS
dc.subject 5141 Sociology
dc.title Contribution of smoking-attributable mortality to life expectancy differences by marital status among Finnish men and women, 1971-2010 en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Department of Social Research (2010-2017)
dc.contributor.organization Sociology
dc.contributor.organization Center for Population, Health and Society
dc.contributor.organization Population Research Unit (PRU)
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2017.36.8
dc.relation.issn 1435-9871
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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