CRANIAL AND POST-CRANIAL TRAUMATIC INJURY PATTERNS IN VAN CASTLE MOUND MEDIEVAL POPULATION

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/208481

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Erkman , A C , Basoglu , O , Basibuyuk , G O , Kirmizioglu , P G , Yigit , A , Yalcin , Y A & Kaya , F 2016 , ' CRANIAL AND POST-CRANIAL TRAUMATIC INJURY PATTERNS IN VAN CASTLE MOUND MEDIEVAL POPULATION ' , Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry. International Journal , vol. 16 , no. 2 , pp. 61-74 . https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.47543

Title: CRANIAL AND POST-CRANIAL TRAUMATIC INJURY PATTERNS IN VAN CASTLE MOUND MEDIEVAL POPULATION
Author: Erkman, Ahmet Cem; Basoglu, Oksan; Basibuyuk, Gulusan Ozgun; Kirmizioglu, Pinar Gozluk; Yigit, Ayhan; Yalcin, Yarenkur Alkan; Kaya, Ferhat
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Geosciences and Geography
Date: 2016
Language: eng
Number of pages: 14
Belongs to series: Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry. International Journal
ISSN: 1108-9628
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/208481
Abstract: The excavations conducted at Van Castle Mound, East Anatolia, between 1987 and 2010 uncovered a total of 328 human skeletons dating back to the Medieval period. Thirty trauma cases were identified within the collection, constituting 9.14% of the entire population. Typology and distribution of the trauma among different sexes indicated that depression fractures, oblique fractures, comminuted fractures, and head deformation were more frequently observed in male skeletons, while a post-fractural infection appeared only in a female skeleton. Trauma cases were more common on post-cranial bones. In addition, a trepanned cranial specimen belonging to a mature individual is identified in which grooving technique was performed. Most of the observed trauma cases were related to heavy labor, unsafe working conditions, and challenges of everyday agrarian life. Previous paleopathological studies from the Medieval Van Castle Mound also indicates an insufficient nutritation and high physical stress.
Subject: Trauma
trepanation
paleopathology
fracture
Anatolia
SKELETAL AGE
LAKE VAN
CLIMATE
FRACTURES
ANATOLIA
VIOLENCE
TURKEY
DEATH
BONE
615 History and Archaeology
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