Representativeness of European biochar research : Part I - field experiments

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Verheijen , F G A , Mankasingh , U , Penizek , V , Panzacchi , P , Glaser , B , Jeffery , S , Bastos , A C , Tammeorg , P , Kern , J , Zavalloni , C , Zanchettin , G & Sakrabani , R 2017 , ' Representativeness of European biochar research : Part I - field experiments ' , Journal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management , vol. 25 , no. 2 , pp. 140-151 . https://doi.org/10.3846/16486897.2017.1304943

Title: Representativeness of European biochar research : Part I - field experiments
Author: Verheijen, Frank G. A.; Mankasingh, Utra; Penizek, Vit; Panzacchi, Pietro; Glaser, Bruno; Jeffery, Simon; Bastos, Ana Catarina; Tammeorg, Priit; Kern, Juergen; Zavalloni, Costanza; Zanchettin, Giulia; Sakrabani, Ruben
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Agricultural Sciences
Date: 2017
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Journal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management
ISSN: 1648-6897
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/208840
Abstract: A representativeness survey of existing European Biochar field experiments within the Biochar COST Action TD1107 was conducted to gather key information for setting up future experiments and collaborations, and to minimise duplication of efforts amongst European researchers. Woody feedstock biochar, applied without organic or inorganic fertiliser appears over-represented compared to other categories, especially considering the availability of crop residues, manures, and other organic waste streams and the efforts towards achieving a zero waste economy. Fertile arable soils were also over-represented while shallow unfertile soils were under-represented. Many of the latter are likely in agroforestry or forest plantation land use. The most studied theme was crop production. However, other themes that can provide evidence of mechanisms, as well as potential undesired side-effects, were relatively well represented. Biochar use for soil contamination remediation was the least represented theme; further work is needed to identify which specific contaminants, or mixtures of contaminants, have the potential for remediation by different biochars.
Subject: 1172 Environmental sciences
415 Other agricultural sciences
biochar
soil
Europe
field experiments
representativeness
FAST PYROLYSIS BIOCHAR
BLACK CARBON BIOCHAR
SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE
YIELD FORMATION
SOIL PROPERTIES
RESEARCH NEEDS
HUMID TROPICS
METAANALYSIS
WHEAT
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