Associations of physical activity, fitness, and body composition with heart rate variability-based indicators of stress and recovery on workdays : a cross-sectional study

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Teisala , T , Mutikainen , S , Tolvanen , A , Rottensteiner , M , Leskinen , T , Kaprio , J , Kolehmainen , M , Rusko , H & Kujala , U M 2014 , ' Associations of physical activity, fitness, and body composition with heart rate variability-based indicators of stress and recovery on workdays : a cross-sectional study ' , Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology , vol. 9 , no. 16 , 16 . https://doi.org/10.1186/1745-6673-9-16

Title: Associations of physical activity, fitness, and body composition with heart rate variability-based indicators of stress and recovery on workdays : a cross-sectional study
Author: Teisala, Tiina; Mutikainen, Sara; Tolvanen, Asko; Rottensteiner, Mirva; Leskinen, Tuija; Kaprio, Jaakko; Kolehmainen, Marjukka; Rusko, Heikki; Kujala, Urho M.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Hjelt Institute (-2014)
Date: 2014-04-18
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
ISSN: 1745-6673
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/209988
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate how physical activity (PA), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and body composition are associated with heart rate variability (HRV)-based indicators of stress and recovery on workdays. Additionally, we evaluated the association of objectively measured stress with self-reported burnout symptoms. METHODS: Participants of this cross-sectional study were 81 healthy males (age range 26-40 y). Stress and recovery on workdays were measured objectively based on HRV recordings. CRF and anthropometry were assessed in laboratory conditions. The level of PA was based on a detailed PA interview (MET index [MET-h/d]) and self-reported activity class. RESULTS: PA, CRF, and body composition were significantly associated with levels of stress and recovery on workdays. MET index (P < 0.001), activity class (P = 0.001), and CRF (P = 0.019) were negatively associated with stress during working hours whereas body fat percentage (P = 0.005) was positively associated. Overall, 27.5% of the variance of total stress on workdays (P = 0.001) was accounted for by PA, CRF, and body composition. Body fat percentage and body mass index were negatively associated with night-time recovery whereas CRF was positively associated. Objective work stress was associated (P = 0.003) with subjective burnout symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: PA, CRF, and body composition are associated with HRV-based stress and recovery levels, which needs to be taken into account in the measurement, prevention, and treatment of work-related stress. The HRV-based method used to determine work-related stress and recovery was associated with self-reported burnout symptoms, but more research on the clinical importance of the methodology is needed.
Subject: Body composition
Body fat percentage
BMI
Cardiorespiratory fitness
HRV
Physical activity
Recovery
Working hours
Work stress
PSYCHOSOCIAL STRESS
AUTONOMIC ACTIVITY
FAT DISTRIBUTION
RATE DYNAMICS
RISK-FACTORS
OBESE WOMEN
EXERCISE
WEIGHT
MEN
BURNOUT
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
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