Soluble activin type IIB receptor improves fracture healing in a closed tibial fracture mouse model

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Puolakkainen , T , Rummukainen , P , Lehto , J , Ritvos , O , Hiltunen , A , Saamanen , A-M & Kiviranta , R 2017 , ' Soluble activin type IIB receptor improves fracture healing in a closed tibial fracture mouse model ' , PLoS One , vol. 12 , no. 7 , 0180593 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0180593

Title: Soluble activin type IIB receptor improves fracture healing in a closed tibial fracture mouse model
Author: Puolakkainen, Tero; Rummukainen, Petri; Lehto, Jemina; Ritvos, Olli; Hiltunen, Ari; Saamanen, Anna-Marja; Kiviranta, Riku
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Medicum
Date: 2017-07-13
Language: eng
Number of pages: 16
Belongs to series: PLoS One
ISSN: 1932-6203
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/211432
Abstract: Fractures still present a significant burden to patients due to pain and periods of unproductivity. Numerous growth factors have been identified to regulate bone remodeling. However, to date, only the bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are used to enhance fracture healing in clinical settings. Activins are pleiotropic growth factors belonging to the TGF-beta superfamily. We and others have recently shown that treatment with recombinant fusion proteins of activin receptors greatly increases bone mass in different animal models by trapping activins and other ligands thus inhibiting their signaling pathways. However, their effects on fracture healing are less known. Twelve-week old male C57Bl mice were subjected to a standardized, closed tibial fracture model. Animals were divided into control and treatment groups and were administered either PBS control or a soluble activin type IIB receptor (ActRIIB-Fc) intraperitoneally once a week for a duration of two or four weeks. There were no significant differences between the groups at two weeks but we observed a significant increase in callus mineralization in ActRIIB-Fc-treated animals by microcomputed tomography imaging at four weeks. Bone volume per tissue volume was 60%, trabecular number 55% and bone mineral density 60% higher in the 4-week calluses of the ActRIIB-Fc-treated mice (p<0.05 in all). Biomechanical strength of 4-week calluses was also significantly improved by ActRIIBFc treatment as stiffness increased by 64% and maximum force by 45% (p<0.05) compared to the PBS-injected controls. These results demonstrate that ActRIIB-Fc treatment significantly improves healing of closed long bone fractures. Our findings support the previous reports of activin receptors increasing bone mass but also demonstrate a novel approach for using ActRIIB-Fc to enhance fracture healing.
Subject: MESENCHYMAL STEM-CELLS
INFLAMMATORY RESPONSE
GROWTH-FACTORS
BONE
BISPHOSPHONATES
MYOSTATIN
PROTEIN
REGENERATION
OSTEOPOROSIS
FOLLISTATIN
3111 Biomedicine
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