Mobile Aerosol Measurement in the Eastern Mediterranean - A Utilization of Portable Instruments

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/212203

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Hussein , T , Boor , B E , dos Santos , V N , Kangasluoma , J , Petäjä , T & Lihavainen , H 2017 , ' Mobile Aerosol Measurement in the Eastern Mediterranean - A Utilization of Portable Instruments ' , Aerosol and Air Quality Research , vol. 17 , no. 7 , pp. 1875-1886 . https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2016.11.0479

Title: Mobile Aerosol Measurement in the Eastern Mediterranean - A Utilization of Portable Instruments
Author: Hussein, Tareq; Boor, Brandon E.; dos Santos, Vanessa N.; Kangasluoma, Juha; Petäjä, Tuukka; Lihavainen, Heikki
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
Date: 2017-07
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Aerosol and Air Quality Research
ISSN: 1680-8584
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/212203
Abstract: Air pollution research and reports have been limited in the Middle East, especially in Jordan with respect to aerosol particle number concentrations. In this study, we utilized a simple "mobile setup" to measure, for the first time, the spatial variation of aerosol concentrations in Eastern Mediterranean. The mobile setup consisted of portable aerosol instruments to measure particle number concentrations (cut off sizes 0.01, 0.02, 0.3, 0.5, 1, 2.5, 5, and 10 mu m), particle mass concentrations (PM1, PM2.5, and PM10), and black carbon concentration all situated on the back seat of a sedan car. The car was driven with open windows to ensure sufficient cabin air ventilation for reliable outdoor aerosol sampling. Although the measurement campaign was two days long, but it provided preliminary information about aerosols concentrations over a large spatial scale that covered more than three quarters of Jordan. We should keep in mind that the presented concentrations reflect on road conditions. The submicron particle concentrations were the highest in the urban locations (e.g., Amman and Zarqa) and inside cities with heavy duty vehicles activities (e.g., Azraq). The highest micron particle concentrations were observed in the southern part of the country and in places close to the desert area (e.g., Wadi Rum and Wadi Araba). The average submicron concentration was 4.9 x 10(3)-120 x 10(3) cm-3 (5.7-86.7 mu g m(-3)) whereas the average micron particle concentration was 1-11 cm(-3) (8-150 mu g m(-3), assume rho(p) = 1 g cm(-3)). The main road passing through Jafr in the eastern part of Jordan exhibited submicron concentration as low as 800 cm(-3). The PM10 concentration consisted of about 40-75% as PM1. The black carbon (BC) concentration variation was in good agreement with the PM1 as well as the submicron particle number concentration.
Subject: Particulate matter
Particle number
Black carbon
Urban aerosols
On-street aerosols sampling
CHARACTERIZING MINERAL DUSTS
LONG-RANGE TRANSPORT
KUWAIT OIL FIRES
PARTICULATE MATTER
ELEMENTAL COMPOSITION
CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION
SAUDI-ARABIA
OPTICAL-PROPERTIES
MASS CONCENTRATION
SIZE DISTRIBUTION
114 Physical sciences
1172 Environmental sciences
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