Ecosystem change in the large and shallow Lake Säkylän Pyhäjärvi, Finland, during the past ~400 years : implications for management

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Ventelä , A-M , Amsinck , S L , Kauppila , T , Johansson , L S , Jeppesen , E , Kirkkala , T , Sondergaard , M , Weckstrom , J & Sarvala , J 2016 , ' Ecosystem change in the large and shallow Lake Säkylän Pyhäjärvi, Finland, during the past ~400 years : implications for management ' , Hydrobiologia , vol. 778 , no. 1 , pp. 273-294 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-015-2552-2

Title: Ecosystem change in the large and shallow Lake Säkylän Pyhäjärvi, Finland, during the past ~400 years : implications for management
Author: Ventelä, Anne-Mari; Amsinck, Susanne Lildal; Kauppila, Tommi; Johansson, Liselotte Sander; Jeppesen, Erik; Kirkkala, Teija; Sondergaard, Martin; Weckstrom, Jan; Sarvala, Jouko
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Environmental Sciences

Date: 2016-09
Language: eng
Number of pages: 22
Belongs to series: Hydrobiologia
ISSN: 0018-8158
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-015-2552-2
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/212608
Abstract: Lake Sakylan Pyhajarvi has been an important fishing site and drinking water source for the local population for centuries. The lake has undergone significant changes: (1) the water level was lowered in the 1600s and in the 1850s; (2) planktivorous coregonid fish were successfully introduced in the early 1900s; (3) nutrient input from intensified agriculture has increased since the 1950s and (4) the effects of the current variable climate on the lake and its catchment have become more evident since the 1990s. We determined the phases of oligotrophication, eutrophication and recovery and elucidated the ecosystem changes by combining palaeolimnological records with detailed neolimnological data. The sedimentary diatom and cladoceran assemblages first showed a relatively eutrophic period followed by oligotrophic periods, linked with the artificial changes in water level and consequent shifts in macrophyte abundance. The oligotrophic period in the early 1900s is thought to represent the target trophic state for the lake. After the 1950s, introduction of vendace resulted in higher planktivory reflected by an increased relative abundance of small-bodied pelagic cladocerans. Signs of eutrophication occurred due to increased nutrient load. During the last 10 years, signs of recovery have been recorded. A complex history such as that of Lake Pyhajarvi illustrates the difficulties in selecting management targets, and the risk of setting false targets, for lakes based solely on monitoring data-both neolimnological and palaeolimnological approach are needed.
Subject: Eutrophication
Palaeolimnology
Diatoms
Cladoceran subfossils
Monitoring
Lake recovery
Restoration targets
Climate change adaptation
PLANKTIVOROUS FISH ABUNDANCE
CLIMATE-CHANGE
SOUTHWEST FINLAND
COMMUNITY STRUCTURE
ARCTIC LAKES
WATER-LEVEL
BOREAL LAKE
PALEOLIMNOLOGY
EUTROPHICATION
ZOOPLANKTON
1172 Environmental sciences
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