Correlates of employment status in individuals with asthma : a cross-sectional survey

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/214062

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Taponen , S , Lehtimaki , L , Karvala , K , Luukkonen , R & Uitti , J 2017 , ' Correlates of employment status in individuals with asthma : a cross-sectional survey ' , Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology , vol. 12 , 19 , pp. 1-7 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s12995-017-0165-6

Title: Correlates of employment status in individuals with asthma : a cross-sectional survey
Author: Taponen, Saara; Lehtimaki, Lauri; Karvala, Kirsi; Luukkonen, Ritva; Uitti, Jukka
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2017-07-24
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
ISSN: 1745-6673
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/214062
Abstract: Background: This study aims to elucidate factors that among adults with asthma are associated with working full-time. Methods: This cross-sectional survey of 2613 working-age adults with asthma included questions on asthma history, symptoms and use of asthma medication, socioeconomic factors and health behavior. Full-time workers were compared to groups according to employment status: unemployed, work disability and retired due to age. Results: Adults with asthma working full time were younger and more often nonmanual workers, experienced less asthma symptoms, used less asthma medication and smoked less than subjects with work disability. After adjusting for age, gender, smoking and professional status, having frequent symptoms of asthma during last month was associated with an increase in the risk of unemployment (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.3-4.2) and with an increase in the risk of work disability (OR 4.4, 95% CI 2.3-8.2). Conclusions: Among adults with asthma, full-time work was associated with younger age, less symptomatic asthma despite of less medication, nonmanual work and less smoking. Having more severe symptoms of asthma was associated with undesirable employment status such as unemployment or work disability. Possibilities to change from manual to nonmanual work may be important in preventing work disability and early exit from work.
Subject: Asthma symptoms
Asthma
Work ability
Work
RESPIRATORY WORK DISABILITY
SICKNESS ABSENCE
PREVALENCE
PREDICTORS
HEALTH
RISK
FINLAND
ADULTS
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
3121 Internal medicine
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