Vertebrate Reservoirs of Arboviruses : Myth, Synonym of Amplifier, or Reality?

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Kuno , G , Mackenzie , J S , Junglen , S , Hubalek , Z , Plyusnin , A & Gubler , D J 2017 , ' Vertebrate Reservoirs of Arboviruses : Myth, Synonym of Amplifier, or Reality? ' , Viruses-Basel , vol. 9 , no. 7 , 185 . https://doi.org/10.3390/v9070185

Title: Vertebrate Reservoirs of Arboviruses : Myth, Synonym of Amplifier, or Reality?
Author: Kuno, Goro; Mackenzie, John S.; Junglen, Sandra; Hubalek, Zdenek; Plyusnin, Alexander; Gubler, Duane J.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, University of Helsinki
Date: 2017-07
Language: eng
Number of pages: 28
Belongs to series: Viruses-Basel
ISSN: 1999-4915
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/215602
Abstract: The rapid succession of the pandemic of arbovirus diseases, such as dengue, West Nile fever, chikungunya, and Zika fever, has intensified research on these and other arbovirus diseases worldwide. Investigating the unique mode of vector-borne transmission requires a clear understanding of the roles of vertebrates. One major obstacle to this understanding is the ambiguity of the arbovirus definition originally established by the World Health Organization. The paucity of pertinent information on arbovirus transmission at the time contributed to the notion that vertebrates played the role of reservoir in the arbovirus transmission cycle. Because this notion is a salient feature of the arbovirus definition, it is important to reexamine its validity. This review addresses controversial issues concerning vertebrate reservoirs and their role in arbovirus persistence in nature, examines the genesis of the problem from a historical perspective, discusses various unresolved issues from multiple points of view, assesses the present status of the notion in light of current knowledge, and provides options for a solution to resolve the issue.
Subject: insect-specific virus
arbovirus
transmission mechanism
vertebrate reservoir
origin of arbovirus
virus maintenance
zoonosis
host range
WEST-NILE-VIRUS
LOUPING ILL VIRUS
ROSS-RIVER-VIRUS
MURRAY VALLEY ENCEPHALITIS
YELLOW-FEVER VIRUS
BUGGY CREEK VIRUS
SPARROWS PASSER-DOMESTICUS
DENGUE VIRUS
JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS
BLUETONGUE VIRUS
3111 Biomedicine
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