Campylobacteriosis : the role of poultry meat

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Skarp , C P A , Hanninen , M-L & Rautelin , H I 2016 , ' Campylobacteriosis : the role of poultry meat ' , Clinical Microbiology and Infection , vol. 22 , no. 2 , pp. 103-109 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cmi.2015.11.019

Title: Campylobacteriosis : the role of poultry meat
Author: Skarp, C. P. A.; Hanninen, M-L; Rautelin, Hilpi I
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Food Hygiene and Environmental Health
University of Helsinki, Medicum
Date: 2016-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
ISSN: 1198-743X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/216762
Abstract: The incidence of human infections caused by Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coil, the main bacterial agents of gastrointestinal disease, has been increasing worldwide. Here, we review the role of poultry as a source and reservoir for Campylobacter. Contamination and subsequent colonization of broiler flocks at the farm level often lead to transmission of Campylobacter along the poultry production chain and contamination of poultry meat at retail. Yet Cainpylobacter prevalence in poultry, as well as the contamination level of poultry products, vary greatly between different countries so there are differences in the intervention strategies that need to be applied. Temporal patterns in poultry do not always coincide with those found in human infections. Studies in rural and urban areas have revealed differences in Campylobacter infections attributed to poultry, as poultry seems to be the predominant reservoir in urban, but not necessarily in rural, settings. Furthermore, foreign travel is considered a major risk factor in acquiring the disease, especially for individuals living in the northern European countries. Intervention strategies aimed at reducing Campylobacter colonization in poultry and focused at the farm level have been successful in reducing the number of Campylobacter cases in several countries. Increasing farm biosecurity and education of consumers are likely to limit the risk of infection. Overall, poultry is an important reservoir and source of human campylobacteriosis, although the contribution of other sources, reservoirs and transmission warrants more research. Clinical Microbiology and Infection (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.
Subject: Antimicrobial resistance
Campylobacter
Campylobacter coil
Campylobacter jejuni
infection
intervention measures
molecular epidemiology
poultry
transmission
MULTILOCUS SEQUENCE TYPES
UNITED-STATES
CHICKEN-MEAT
NEW-ZEALAND
ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE
MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY
HUMAN INFECTIONS
BROILER FLOCKS
DISEASE BURDEN
JEJUNI
1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
3111 Biomedicine
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